Where Are the Lost Machines?

We Have Seen the Results, but What Happened to the Construction Equipment?

There is good reason to believe that the ancients, perhaps as far back as prehistoric times, had a form of technology completely different from what we use today. Given the mystery of their ability to lift and transport massive stones weighing millions of pounds, they were not behind or ahead of us on the same line, of development but on a completely different line.

Cross-sectional diagrams of the known passages and chambers in the Great Pyramid of Egypt (recent muon radiography has apparently revealed another large chamber above the Grand Gallery) look, to those of us with open minds, like images of an enormous stone machine designed to harness unknown forces for unknown purposes. This is really the only explanation that even begins to make sense. Conventional theory notwithstanding, there is no evidence that any of the larger pyramids were ever used as tombs. Contrast that with the fact, we know with vast quantities of evidence, that many pharaohs were buried in underground tombs in the Valley of Kings. The weird array of stone slabs above the so-called “King’s” Chamber are explained by Egyptologists as a means of relieving stress—these ‘Egyptologists’, however, are not engineers or physicists. To building professionals the ‘stress-relief ‘explanation’ is absurd. Note that the “Queen’s” Chamber is much further down, and another passage and chamber are deeper still, yet they have no “stress-relieving” blocks above them.

Author and researcher Christopher Dunn, a master machinist and tool design engineer, has visited Giza many times and done precise measurements and tests (Dunn has written many articles for Atlantis Rising detailing his evidence. His work was featured at length in our best-selling book, Forbidden History, still available from our store). Within the “King’s” Chamber, Dunn has noted chemical residues and evidence of an explosion. He has theorized that the Great Pyramid may have been designed to resonate with the Earth’s many seismic events caused by earthquakes, volcanoes, tides, waves, and winds, and that these vibrations may have energized piezoelectric quartz crystals in the stones that compose it. Perhaps it was used to produce hydrogen for some unknown purpose. I would never disagree with a man who has done such extensive, precise, and detailed study, but the pyramid may also have harnessed, rather like a lens concentrating sunlight, some energy totally unknown to modern scientists.

Traditional societies the world over have believed in an energy variously called chi, prana, kundalini, etc. It is interesting that the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan in Mexico is about half as high as the Great Pyramid, with roughly the same base size, but that it had, near its top, a layer of mica. The mica is a kind found only in Amazonia, where we now know that there was an ancient civilization, which raises interesting questions about seafaring and trade. ‘Mica’ refers to a large group of minerals with different composition but similar molecular structure, which are excellent dielectrics with many modern uses. Could this mica somehow have compensated for the lower height of the Mexican pyramid, allowing it to harness energy as well as its taller counterparts in Egypt?

Be that as it may, there is also evidence that the ancients had other technologies, perhaps more similar to our own. Some of these, as in lenses for example, are well known. Most people imagine that lenses are a modern innovation, with glass lenses first produced in the Netherlands in the early seventeenth century, and the first modern telescope following in 1608. Truly ancient lenses of quartz crystal, however, were ground in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia as far back as 4500 BP. By 2400 BP. Egyptians wrote of their ability to magnify images. Lenses were produced by the Greeks and Romans and, later, by the Arabs and in Medieval Europeans. At Abydos, Egypt, a knife handle dating to 5300 BP has engravings so small that a magnifying lens would have been needed to make it. The Babylonians of 2420 BP claimed to have observed the moons of Jupiter and Saturn. The Greek philosopher Democritus stated that the Milky Way was composed of an immense number of stars, an observation that would have required a telescope. A pair of lenses found in Egypt may have functioned as eyeglasses. Ancient lenses were also found in the ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Troy.

Over a century ago, sponge divers found the famous Antikythera mechanism in the Mediterranean Sea. Dating, in all probability, from 2100 BP or earlier, the device had many complex and precisely fabricated gears and may have been used to calculate the motions of the planets and to predict eclipses. Equally well known is the Bagdad battery, dating probably from about the same period. A, so-called wet cell, the battery that would have produced an electric current, which could have been used for medical purposes or electroplating. Any number of writers, moreover, have pointed out that the Ark of the Covenant, which may have been copied from an Egyptian design, could (at least in theory) have functioned as a capacitor, storing an electric charge at least for short periods.

The ancients, we now know, may have had aircraft similar to today’s. In Columbia researchers discovered a model aircraft that they estimate is at least a thousand years old, and possibly far older. Made of gold, it has delta wings and a complete tail assembly, with horizontal planes (elevators?) and a vertical one (a rudder?). Where the cockpit would be is an open space, perhaps intended to represent a cockpit with a transparent canopy. Debunkers have tried to call this everything but an aircraft model, insisting that we see not what we see but what they tell us to see. Though nothing on it corresponds to an engine or air intake, it still looks very much like a modern, high-performance aircraft, and it bears no resemblance to any known bird or sea creature. In 1994 a replica was made and fitted with a small motor and prop, and it flew. Other, similar model aircraft have since been found, mostly in Columbia. One has, near the nose, what appears to be either a prop or a canard wing. There is no way to be sure if the actual aircraft represented were powered by conventional reciprocating or turbojet engines of the modern kind, or some unknown method of propulsion. Also in Columbia, researchers found what appears to be a model of some sort of earth-moving machine, quite complex, with toothed wheels. In Saqqara, Egypt, a wooden model aircraft was tentatively dated to perhaps 2200 BP, during the Ptolemaic Period following the conquests of Alexander the Great. It was made to look like a bird, except for one thing: its tail is vertical, whereas all bird tails are horizontal. A replica was made that could glide some, despite a tendency to pitch down or to pitch up and stall. The addition of a horizontal tail surface (which the original may once have had) allowed it to glide quite well.

On the ceiling of the Temple of Seti I in Abydos, Egypt, are some very mysterious figures that almost certainly date to around 3,300 BP—an apparent airplane, and, to modern eyes, what looks like a helicopter, and either a submarine or perhaps a side view of another aircraft. There is nothing abstract about them, and they bear no resemblance to any bird or fish. Debunkers, unable to explain them away, mostly ignore the problem.

Behind Seti’s temple, an enigmatic structure called the Osireion has been excavated, and it is at a deeper level than the nearby temple. Indeed, it is partly submerged below the water table. With square columns, like the Sphinx and Valley temples at Giza, it is very much unlike most later Egyptian structures, which usually had cylindrical columns. Given that Robert Schoch and others have found evidence that the Giza temples may date back to remote prehistory, might not the Osireion also be predynastic? Other, even older, structures at Abydos may lie beneath later construction and be inaccessible. It is at least possible that the Seti I paintings may have been based on paintings or carvings from these earlier structures.

Another seeming example of anomalous technology, may be the well-known bas-relief appearing on the wall of the Hathor Temple in Dendera, Egypt, depicting what looks like a large lightbulb, with a filament inside and what looks like an electric cable leading to it. Given that there has never been an explanation of how the Egyptians illuminated the deepest recesses of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings, whose walls are adorned with paintings and hieroglyphs, the question arises: could they have used electric lights? It is worth remembering that, there is no evidence of torch smoke in these chambers. Remember the Bagdad battery and the Ark of the Covenant—evidence that the ancients had at least some ability to produce, store, and use electricity.

Christopher Dunn has also virtually proven that the ancient Egyptians had power drills and circular saws, some perhaps up to twenty feet in diameter. He also believes that advanced machine tools would have been needed to carve the precise and mysterious “H blocks” and many other artifacts at Puma Punku in Bolivia, where the flatness of the stones has been shown to be within one five thousandth of an inch, or virtually perfect. Dunn, remember, has studied, and precisely measured, these structures on-site, and has attempted to produce similar structures in his own machine shop. One hole he measured, was drilled by the ancient Egyptians in hard Aswan granite, was a foot in diameter, and was three feet deep. Some of the holes in Egypt may have been drilled with a hollow drill using a “trepanning” technique, leaving a core that might have been broken off. Both Dunn and Sir William Flinders Petrie, who studied Egyptian artifacts about a century ago, found evidence of saw marks on many of the stones, including the “sarcophagus” in the “King’s” Chamber. Petrie found green copper stains on one stone, but copper is scarcely hard enough to cut limestone, let alone granite. Aside from very small amounts of meteoric iron, there is no evidence that the ancient Egyptians had iron or steel; while it is known that the Egyptians had bronze, a fairly hard alloy, by 4700 BP, in time for the construction of the Great Pyramid, according to conventional dates. But even bronze could not cut granite, and the Egyptians carved bowls, and large perfectly hollow vases, of diorite, a stone even harder than granite. Of course, abrasive sand could have been used on some of the stones, but that would quickly wear down the copper saws themselves.

As to how the hollowing out of vases with narrow necks could have been accomplished, there seem to be be no, even remotely plausible, theories. Almost certainly, any saws would have had gemstones harder than quartz for their teeth, but no diamonds and few sapphires or rubies have ever been found in Egypt, nor is there any record of them. Dunn has also done calculations proving that obelisks and other large stones could not have been quarried by teams of workers banging diorite balls against the stone (the conventional explanation). There are trenches cut into the stone at Giza that could have housed the huge, circular stones that would have been needed for some of the work done there. But no saws, or drills, or motors to power the drills remain. The technology had to have been used, but now the machines are missing.

So where did they all go—the aircraft, the drills, and the saws? Later people, including the Egyptians themselves, may have lost the art needed to maintain such technology, and they may have scavenged more ancient machines and repurposed any metal or gemstones. The aircraft models may have been based on the technology of some, more advanced and earlier prehistoric civilization (Atlantis?) and those machines may also have been scavenged, or corroded away. Maybe the ancient alien theorists are right, and the aircraft, at least, were produced by visitors from another world, but conventional chemical rocket technology is not really adequate for travel within our Solar System, let alone manned interstellar flight. The aliens would have needed some exotic space drive or gravity control. If they had that, why would they bother to produce aircraft similar to our own? Maybe ancient Egyptian priests and Columbian shamans, in a trance state, saw into the future, to our own time, and were so inspired by our aircraft that they made models. That seems a bit far-fetched, though, and it doesn’t explain the power saws and drills. Perhaps, someday, we will find some examples, in the hidden chamber or chambers in the pyramids or in one known to exist under the paws of the Sphinx, or in the tunnel system under Sacsayhuaman in Peru.

We also know that inconvenient relics that don’t fit the official narrative, like human skeletons dating back millions of years, or the skeletons of giants over seven or even eight feet tall, have a habit of disappearing once they are sent to museums like the Smithsonian. Perhaps some are destroyed or simply buried in the basement, and this fate may have befallen any technological relics found by investigators in the field.

There might have been written records of these machines, but libraries and ancient scrolls and books have been lost again and again to natural catastrophe, wars, fires, and deliberate book burning. The most famous of these ancient knowledge repositories was the great library at Alexandria, in Egypt, built during the Ptolemaic period around 2200 BP as part of the larger Museum of Alexandria. It functioned rather like a university, and great thinkers like Euclid, Archimedes, and Aristarchus studied and taught there. It was repeatedly ravaged by earthquakes and fires—one fire was set by Julius Caesar’s army in 2048 BP, and another by Aurelian’s troops in 1748 BP. Part survived in a small library called the Serapeum, but this too was finally destroyed, possibly by both Christian and Muslim fanatics. Other lost libraries include the Xianyang Palace and State Archives in China, the library of Antioch in Syria, the Library of al-Hakam II in Cordoba, Spain, and the Imperial Library of Constantinople. In England, Henry VIII destroyed many monastic libraries. The Mayan codices written on bark cloth, folded accordion-style, were mostly destroyed by the Spanish. The Dresden Codex is perhaps the most important one to survive today. Perhaps some of these ancient libraries contained information about the lost machines.

Maybe we will one day find a real example of an ancient aircraft or power saw. But for now we continue to suffer a kind of collective amnesia about our remote past.


CAPTION: A schematic drawing from Christopher Dunn’s book The Giza Power Plant (Bear & Company) elaborates on his argument that the Great Pyramid was designed to be a power plant.

By William B. Stoecker