Environmental modification techniques (EN MOD) for military use constitute, in the present context of global warfare, the ultimate weapon of mass destruction. Rarely acknowledged in the debate on global climate change, the world’s weather can now be modified as part of a new generation of sophisticated electromagnetic weapons. Both the US and Russia have developed capabilities to manipulate the climate for military use.
Environmental modification techniques have been applied by the U.S. military for more than half a century. US mathematician John von Neumann, in liaison with the U.S. Department of Defense, started his research on weather modification in the late 1940s at the height of the Cold War and foresaw ‘forms of climatic warfare as yet unimagined’. During the Vietnam War, cloud-seeding techniques were used, starting in 1967 under Project Popeye, the objective of which was to prolong the monsoon season and block enemy supply routes along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
The U.S. military has developed advanced capabilities that enable it to selectively alter weather patterns. The technology, which many believe is being perfected under the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), is an appendage of the Strategic Defense Initiative—‘Star Wars.’ From a military standpoint, HAARP is a weapon of mass destruction, operating from the outer atmosphere and theoretically capable of destabilizing agricultural and ecological systems around the world.
Weather-modification, according to the U.S. Air Force document AF 2025 Final Report, offers the war fighter a wide range of possible options to defeat or coerce an adversary, capabilities, it says, extend to the triggering of floods, hurricanes, droughts, and earthquakes: “Weather modification will become a part of domestic and international security and could be done unilaterally… It could have offensive and defensive applications and even be used for deterrence purposes.”
The ability to generate precipitation, fog, and storms on earth or to modify space weather, and the production of artificial weather all are a part of an integrated set of [military] technologies.
In 1977, an International Convention was ratified by the UN General Assembly, which banned ‘military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects.’ It defined ‘environmental modification techniques’ as ‘any technique for changing—through the deliberate manipulation of natural processes—the dynamics, composition or structure of the earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, or of outer space.’
According to the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques: While the substance of the 1977 Convention was reasserted in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) signed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, debate on weather modification for military use has become a scientific taboo.
Military analysts and scientists are mute on the subject. Meteorologists are not investigating the matter and environmentalists are focused on greenhouse gas emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. Neither is the possibility of climatic or environmental manipulations as part of a military and intelligence agenda, while tacitly acknowledged, part of the broader debate on climate change under UN auspices.
While discussion of the post Cold War military applications of weather warfare is a taboo, the U.S. Air Force has nonetheless acknowledged the strategic importance of ENMOD techniques in the modern battlefield of non-conventional warfare and intel ops, including the conduct, without the enemy’s knowledge, of—covert-weather modification operations. At this juncture in our history, US-NATO forces are deployed worldwide.
Weather warfare is the ultimate WMD with the potential of destabilizing an enemy’s ecosystem, destroying its agriculture, and disabling communications networks. In other words, ENMOD techniques could undermine an entire national economy, impoverish millions of people, and kill a nation without the deployment of troops and military hardware.
Invisibility with The Rochester Cloak
“There’ve been many high tech approaches to cloaking, and the basic idea behind these is to take light and have it pass around something as if it isn’t there, often using high-tech or exotic materials,” said John Howell, a professor of physics at the University of Rochester. Forgoing the specialized components, Howell and graduate student Joseph Choi developed a combination of four standard lenses that keeps the object hidden as the viewer moves up to several degrees away from the optimal viewing position.
“This is the first device that we know of that can do three-dimensional, continuously multidirectional cloaking, which works for transmitting rays in the visible spectrum,” said Choi, a Ph.D. student at Rochester’s Institute of Optics. Many cloaking designs work fine when you look at an object straight on, but if you move your viewpoint even a little, the object becomes visible, explains Howell. Choi added that previous cloaking devices can also cause the background to shift drastically, making it obvious that the cloaking device is present.
In order to both cloak an object and leave the background undisturbed, the researchers determined the lens type and power needed as well as the precise distance to separate the four lenses. To test their device, they placed the cloaked object in front of a grid background. As they looked through the lenses and changed their viewing angle by moving from side to side, the grid shifted accordingly as if the cloaking device was not there. There was no discontinuity in the grid lines behind the cloaked object, compared to the background, and the grid sizes (magnification) matched.
The Rochester Cloak can be scaled up as large as the size of the lenses, allowing fairly large objects to be cloaked. And, unlike some other devices, it’s broadband so it works for the whole visible spectrum of light rather than only for specific frequencies.
Their simple configuration improves on other cloaking devices, but it’s not perfect. “This cloak bends light and sends it through the center of the device, so the on-axis region cannot be blocked or cloaked,” said Choi. This means that the cloaked region is shaped like a doughnut. He added that they have slightly more complicated designs that solve the problem. Also, the cloak has edge effects, but these can be reduced when sufficiently large lenses are used. Wonder if they could do this with Fresnel flat lenses?
University of Rochester
Why India’s Mars Orbiter Mission Cost Less Than Gravity Movie
The $74 million Mars Orbiter Mission, also known by the acronym MOM or the Hindi word Mangalyaan (“Mars-Craft”), didn’t just cost less than the $100 million Hollywood blockbuster starring Sandra Bullock. The price tag is a mere one-ninth of the cost of NASA’s $671 million Maven mission, which also put its spacecraft into Mars orbit in September.
MOM is primarily a technology demonstration mission, and, secondarily, a scientific endeavor. Just as the first Space Age served to demonstrate U.S. vs. Soviet technology on a world stage, MOM serves as an advertisement for India’s satellite launch industry. The Mars mission builds upon India’s first moon mission, Chandrayaan 1, which went into lunar orbit in 2008.
The MOM orbiter’s 33-pound (15-kilogram) scientific payload comprises five instruments that will monitor Mars’ atmosphere and weather, take color pictures of the surface, and map the planet’s mineralogy over the course of six months. In contrast, Maven’s 143-pound (65-kilogram) payload includes nine instruments to study Mars’ upper atmosphere as part of a yearlong mission and a decades-long scientific campaign. It can also serve as a relay for communications with NASA probes on the Martian surface.
Because MOM’s scientific payload is so small, it could use a low-cost, made-in-India PSLV launcher—and even at that, the probe had to go through an orbit-stretching series of maneuvers to travel from Earth to Mars. Maven blasted off for Mars atop a much more powerful Atlas 5 rocket—but the launch services alone cost $187 million, which is more than twice MOM’s total mission cost.
“As missions go, Maven represents a Mercedes ‘S’ class to the Volkswagen that is MOM,” Pillai wrote.
Next Step: Vimanas?
‘The Evolution of Matter’ and ‘The Evolution of Forces’ on CD
Years ago, I had been told by several people, that the U.S. Government frequently removes books they deem dangerous or ‘sensitive’ from libraries. Some are replaced with sections removed or rewritten so as to ‘contain’ information that should not be available to the public despite the author’s intent. A key example was during the Manhattan Project when the U.S. was trying to finalize research into atomic bombs. Removed were any books that dealt with the subject. Two of them were by Dr. Gustave Le Bon since they dealt with both energy and matter, including radioactivity. I had been looking for these two books for many years and fortunately stumbled across two copies for which I paid about $40.00 each.
I couldn’t put down the books once I started reading them—such a wealth of original discoveries, many not known or remembered today.
Page 88—“Without the ether there could be neither gravity, nor light, nor electricity, nor heat, nor anything, in a word, of which we have knowledge. The universe would be silent and dead, or would reveal itself in a form that we cannot even foresee. If one could construct a glass chamber from which the ether were to be entirely eliminated, heat and light could not pass through it. It would be absolutely dark, and probably gravitation would no longer act on the bodies within it. They would then have lost their weight.”
Page 96–97—“A material vortex may be formed by any fluid, liquid or gaseous, turning round an axis, and by the fact of its rotation it describes spirals. The study of these vortices has been the object of important researches by different scholars, notably by Bjerkness and Weyher. They have shown that by them can be produced all the attractions and repulsions recognized in electricity, the deviations of the magnetic needle by currents, etc. These vortices are produced by the rapid rotation of a central rod furnished with pallets or, more simply, of a sphere. Round this sphere gaseous currents are established, dissymmetrical with regard to its equatorial plane, and the result is the attraction or repulsion of bodies brought near to it, according to the position given to them. It is even possible, as Weyher has proved, to compel these bodies to turn round the sphere as do the satellites of a planet without touching it.”
Page 149—“The problem of sending a pencil of parallel Hertzian waves to a distance possesses more than a theoretical interest. It is allowable to say that its solution would change the course of our civilization by rendering war impossible. The first physicist who realizes this discovery will be able to avail himself of the presence of an enemy’s ironclads gathered together in a harbor to blow them up in a few minutes, from a distance of several kilometers, simply by directing on them a sheaf of electric radiations. On reaching the metal wires with which these vessels are nowadays honeycombed, this will excite an atmosphere of sparks which will at once explode the shells and torpedoes stored in their holds. With the same reflector, giving a pencil of parallel radiations, it would not be much more difficult to cause the explosion of the stores of powder and shells contained in a fortress, or in the artillery sparks of an army corps, and finally the metal cartridges of the soldiers. Science, which at first rendered wars so deadly, would then at length have rendered them impossible, and the relations between nations would have to be established on new bases.”
Jerry Decker is the founder of KeelyNet.com.