We are conditioned to look at history as a linear progression from one stage of development to the next with irregular gaps in the timeline to be filled in as our database grows. The generally accepted picture from mainstream science is of a gradual evolutionary development of the geosphere and biosphere up to the present day. Any hint that there is some anomaly in this progression is met with skepticism from the scientific community, an attitude with which readers of this magazine have become all too familiar.
Most of you who read these pages have realized that, when confronted with stories, tales, and epics of bygone eras, there is a need to consider the extraordinary evidence which they may represent of true events, not just mythological fabrications invented by our creative ancestors. Thus, we should treat the ancient tales of pre-diluvian civilization as something based on fact, worthy of investigation and exploration rather than dismissal. Such accounts as the tale of Atlantis are seen as potentially real, not merely symbolic. In these stories we hear, time and again, of cataclysm and catastrophic change that has altered the geological record and wiped out the substantial evidence which we seek, but should we believe it?
Despite the orthodox penchant for thinking of time as a linear progression of events, plenty of evidence that natural movements do indeed occur in cycles has turned up—just as the priests of Sais told Solon in Plato’s account of Atlantis. And, we should not be surprised. After all, when one looks at the structure of the cosmos from the atomic to the galactic, a pattern of motion in circles and spirals is apparent, a regular repetition of conditions as in the recurring seasons of the year and the motion of the planets through the zodiac.
If a celestial body, in an ongoing repetition of orbits, returns to a previous position with respect to other celestial bodies we have a cycle and the possibility for encounters with previous conditions that exist relative to the planet’s location in space. These cycles can be investigated for repeating events that could signal possible catastrophic changes and, perhaps, even the periodic extinction of life.
In fact, an analysis of the past reveals both small and large cycles of time to consider. The purpose in modeling these cycles here is to see if it might be possible to predict future threat zones and thus to prepare for what could be catastrophic changes to our world.
Let us briefly look at one much-talked-about instance that some say resulted in the destruction of Atlantis. This event, if it reoccurs as predicted, is only seven years from now.
From time to time a white dwarf star will accumulate too much hydrogen gas from a neighbor, a process which ultimately eventuates in a tremendous explosion of this gas shell that lights up the star in the heavens. This is what we call a nova. It usually occurs at the final stages of a star’s life cycle.
Do we know all that we need to know about novas? What would happen, for instance, if a cloud of hydrogen gas of unusually high density were to engulf our sun? Could a mini-nova result in the expulsion of a shell of gas that would burst like a firestorm through the solar system? Although it seems unlikely, studies of ancient history indicate variations in solar output that may have produced catastrophic changes on earth. Even today, a variation in solar luminosity is occurring and scientists report that the slight increase in solar output may be contributing to climate change and global warming. There is also evidence that some of the other planets in our system are also experiencing warmer temperatures and climate change. These changes could be the result of increasing accumulations of cosmic dust through which our solar system is passing.
This writer’s interest in the sun has recently been stimulated by reports received from a Dr. Dan B. C. Burisch, who claims he is a microbiologist who worked for a shadowy arm of the government. He tells me that preparations are being made for a coming catastrophe in the year 2012 that involves changes in our sun and its effects on the earth. This is, of course, related to deciphering the Mayan symbols that are believed to point to the winter solstice of 2012.
To summarize the predictions it can be said that a recurring event may cause a significant change in our sun. That event, known as the grand crossing, is synchronized to a phenomena frequently written about in these pages, the precession of the equinoxes. Many do not think that anything special will happen, but others believe that the Mayans recorded significant events and used precise calendars to forecast the recurrence of periodic cycles marked by such events.
Why would the intersection of our sun and solar system with the Milky Way’s equatorial plane constitute a noteworthy event? According to one web site, “The auspicious year of 2012 indicated in the long-count calendar illuminates the fact that the Precessional movement of the Winter Solstice Sun will gradually bring its position into alignment with the very center of our Galaxy. For the Maya, this is like the last stroke of midnight on New Year’s Eve only in 2012, the New Year, is the New Galactic Year of 26,000 solar years. The Galactic Clock will be at zero point and a New Precessional Cycle will begin.” (http://www.kamakala.cm/2012.htm).
Closer observation of weather and climate changes seems warranted. Will the sun become more active, we wonder. Indeed, there have been more X-class solar flares and coronal mass ejections in the past few years, and strangely, during a period of time when our sun, according to conventional wisdom, should have been quieting down.
The sun is just one of hundreds of billion of stars in our galaxy. The Milky Way, as we call it, is composed of gaseous interstellar media, neutral or ionized, sometimes concentrated into dense gas clouds made up of atoms, molecules, and dust. All of the matter—gas, dust, and stars—rotate around a central axis perpendicular to the galactic plane. It is generally believed that the centrifugal force caused by this rotation balances out the gravitational forces, which draw all the matter toward the center.
According to the conventional wisdom, all stars in the galaxy rotate around a galactic center but not with the same period. Stars at the center have a shorter period than those farther out. The sun is located in the outer part of the galaxy. The speed of the solar system due to the galactic rotation, it is said, is about 220 kilometers a second. The disk of stars in the Milky Way is about 100,000 light years across and the sun is located about 30,000 light years from the galactic center. Based on a distance of 30,000 light years and a speed of 220 km/s, the sun orbits around the center of the Milky Way once every 225 million years. That period of time is called a cosmic year. The sun, it is generally believed, has orbited the galaxy, more than 20 times during its 5-billion year lifetime. The motions of the period can be determined, it is argued, by measuring the positions of lines in the galaxy light spectra.
Now, after a painstaking computer study of fossil records going back for more than 500 million years, two UC Berkeley scientists say that life on earth has flourished and it has virtually vanished, with surprising and mysterious regularity in cycles of mass extinction every 62 million years.
The findings are certain to generate a renewed burst of speculation among students of the history and evolution of life. Each period of abundant life and each mass extinction, it is argued, has itself covered at least a few million years—and the trend of biodiversity has been rising steadily ever since the last mass extinction, about 65 million years ago, when dinosaurs and millions of other life forms disappeared.
The Berkeley researchers are physicists, not biologists or geologists or paleontologists, but they have analyzed the most exhaustive compendium of fossil records that exists—data that cover the first and last known appearances of no fewer than 36,380 separate marine genera, including millions of species that once thrived in the world’s seas, later disappeared, and, in many cases, returned.
In a new book by Michael J. Benton, When Life Nearly Died, the end-Permian extinction, that is believed to have happened 251 million years ago, is discussed in an attempt to understand the cause of an episode where 90% of life on earth was wiped out, the biggest extinction event in earth’s history, much larger than the one that is said to have wiped out the dinosaurs.
Based on the understanding that our sun and its family of planets does not follow a flat elliptical path around the Milky Way, but rather an elliptical sinusoidal path, which would have the effect of lengthening the so-called cosmic year, it can be argued that the length of the cosmic year should be recalculated. Since we do not know the length of the extreme nodes of this orbital sine wave, such a calculation can only be approximate. But, according to this line of reasoning, the cosmic year could be 248 to 251 million years in duration, which suggests we may be returning to the same point in our galactic orbit that we reached during a previous (extinction-level) event and that we may have entered a threat zone.
Among the considerations in this analysis should be variations in solar output likely to result in climate change, the rising probability of encounters with comets, asteroids, and dust, and the possibility of plagues resulting from bacteria and viruses embedded in dust, comets, and asteroids that could bring us diseases from space as hypothesized by the late Fred Hoyle in his book, with Chandra Wrickramasinghe, Diseases From Space. Another periodic event is the reversal of polarity in the terrestrial magnetic field. There seems to be some corroboration for this possible cosmic scenario in speculative periodic events such as those suggested by the Mayan calendar-based forecasts for the winter solstice of 2012 which has been mentioned by several writers in Atlantis Rising.
Now a complete sinusoidal cycle would cross the galactic equator every 62 or 62.5 million years with a half period of 31 million years. This is according to data obtained by this writer from researcher Bob Alexander, who has been investigating the same hypothesis, but who has used slightly different figures to make his calculation. Alexander concedes that the minor axis of the suggested elliptical wave may be less than the 3,000 light years which he initially calculated was a major axis.
This writer used a calculator to determine the length of the perimeter of an ellipse, which involves a close approximation, using the semi-major axis and semi-minor axis to determine the actual path length of the orbit based on Alexander’s figures and thus the time it takes for one circuit around the galaxy.
Within a margin of error it was determined that the entire length of the sinusoidal path would be 180,941.0769 light years (slightly less if the semi-minor axis is shorter). This would result in a Cosmic Year period of 249,698,580 years instead of 226 million years and if shortened slightly from errors in estimates to 248 million years we would have the following calculation:
248MY/62MY = 4
Since, according to the Berkeley research, we have had catastrophic events approximately every 62 million years (sometimes more and sometimes less), then, it follows that we may have at least four critical points where our sun and planets, components of the Orion arm of the Milky Way, might cross a critical zone that has a higher concentration of dust, debris, asteroids, and maybe even radiation that could constitute a hazard on our celestial journey. That is not all, though. Since the earth has endured cataclysmic events on a much more frequent basis than every few million years, it may be that these horrendous events should be associated with another cycle: the precession of the equinoxes. This 25,770-year cycle, it has been argued (see “Precession Paradox” in Atlantis Rising #53), could mean that our sun has a dark star companion which has an orbital period of thousands of years which may affect our sun and family of planets so as to disrupt the space weather cycle.
We are, indeed, seeing signs of change on our sun and on Earth and also on Mars—where global warming is also occurring—as well as signs of change on some of the other planets. Does this presage another cataclysmic event in our future? At this time, none of us can say for certain, but it seems possible that the examination of these cycles, in search of a meaningful pattern, could lead to the forecasting of major changes that might threaten the continued existence of civilization as we know it.
One last note of significance which deserves further scrutiny is whether recent changes in the earth’s declining magnetic field and polar wandering reflects a change in the earth’s core and mantle that is producing internal rising temperatures which, in turn, are precipitating increased volcanic activity and earthquakes.
Open University researchers have uncovered startling new evidence about the possibility for an extreme period of a sudden, fatal dose of global warming some 180 million years ago during the time of the dinosaurs. The findings could provide vital clues to the climate change happening today and which may come in the future.
For the last three to four years the European Space Agency’s Envisat satellite has been continuously monitoring the earth and gathering invaluable information for humanity. It is clear that we need to engage more space surveillance of our planet and get a better estimate on threats to life and civilization.
It’s not too late yet for a wake-up call.