In his book Underworld (2002), researcher Graham Hancock suggested that the long-sought evidence for antediluvi­an civilization (commonly thought of as Atlantis, though, in all likelihood, something much more far flung than any single place) could be found in the coastal regions of the major continents which are now under water. Thousands of years ago, they were not. One of the areas Hancock singled out as a possible source of the early civilizations of Meso­potamia was the Persian Gulf. Now a scientific paper published in December, 2010, in the journal Current Anthropol­ogy has made virtually the same case and is shaking up the world of conventional archaeology.

From the pyramids to Stonehenge, the problem of missing precursors has long undergirded many Atlantean sce­narios and inspired those in search of lost civilizations. ‘Precursor’ refers to the trial and error stages that should pre­cede any development of civilization (i.e., there must have been a Model T before there could be a Ford Mustang; we learn to walk before we run; etc.). Great advancements can’t happen overnight, we’ve been told. But now, Jeffrey Rose, an archaeologist and researcher with Britain’s University of Birmingham has turned up evidence for a wave of advanced human settlement along the shores of the gulf which has no known precursors. Rose wanted to know how such a thing could be, and he is now convinced that the evidence of those preceding cultures is missing because it is, in fact, under the gulf, left there for at least 7500 years before being covered over by rising waters from the Indian Ocean.

In years of digging, Rose has found along the gulf’s coast a series of scattered hunting camps which appeared vir­tually overnight. “These settlements,” according to Rose, “boast well-built, permanent stone houses, long-distance trade networks, elaborately decorated pottery, domesticated animals, and even evidence for one of the oldest boats in the world.”

He believes the area now beneath the Persian Gulf was once a virtual oasis the size of Great Britain, and that it could have hosted modern humans—providing them refuge from the ice ages—for over 100,000 years before finally submerging beneath the sea about 8,000 years ago. If he turns out to be right, there will be many major revisions in the widely accepted storyline for the history of the human race and its presumed migrations out of Africa.

Verification of Rose’s argument should also raise questions about other regions currently under water which, be­fore our present standard model of history begins, were dry land. Graham Hancock, Dr. Gregory Little, and other re­searchers familiar to the readers of Atlantis Rising have already pointed to other candidates for investigation, such as India’s Gulf of Cambay and North America’s Caribbean Sea.

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