The once lost civilization at the bottom of India’s Gulf of Cambay is yielding more secrets to researchers and provid­ing new support for the authenticity of global flood myths.

Now a new report from the chief geologist with the organization which has been investigating the region has drawn some startling conclusions about the age and advancement of a previously unknown prediluvian society which could be the oldest yet discovered. The term ‘prediluvian’ refers to a time predating the deluge or flooding which ac­companied the end of the last ice age approximately 10,000 years ago, and corresponds roughly to the date mentioned by Plato for the sinking of Atlantis. The new report posted in February by geologist Badrinaryan Badrinaryan of In­dia’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) says the evidence clearly shows that a civilization flourished in the Cambay area from about 13,000 to 3,000 years ago, and that, indeed, there is strong evidence that human habita­tion there goes back as far as 31,000 years. Badrinaryan believes this is, in fact, the progenitor of the mysterious Har­rapan civilization, once thought to be one of the oldest, if not the oldest in the world.

Based on survey data utilizing the latest high-tech methods including side scan sonar, sub-bottom profiling, and multibeam ecosounding, the report (currently posted at makes a case which threatens to overthrow many conventional assumptions about the origins of civilization.

The original announcement in 2001 of discovery of the apparent remains of an ancient city along a six-mile stretch of the Cambay seabed off the Gujarat coast of western India created a worldwide sensation, raising, as it did, the possibility that highly organized society had once existed where the ocean is now over 130 feet deep. Said to be detected were the structures of a large community resembling major cities of the Indus Valley or Harappan civiliza­tion with the regular geometric patterns of a well-developed culture, some of which were taken to be a granary, a great bath and a citadel. Canal-like features were also observed. Water in the area, unfortunately, is murky and flow­ing with very strong currents, making direct visual observation virtually impossible; still, many small human-made artifacts were dredged up, studied and cited in the report. Not surprisingly, reaction of the mainstream archaeological community was, to say the least, skeptical. Many argued that the geometric patterns mentioned were caused by the sonar system itself and that the artifacts probably had been washed into the area from well-known civilized regions inland.

According to the Badrinaryan, though, extensive studies, carried out since on the evidence produced in the origi­nal survey, has confirmed the initial conclusions. The original side scan sonar images, for instance, have been corrob­orated by sub-bottom profiling and advanced magnetic methods, which show even further indications of relatively so­phisticated human engineering. Moreover, painstaking geochemical analysis of the artifacts, including pottery brought up, has shown them to be made entirely from local materials and not washed in from some other region. As for dating, numerous artifacts were subjected to analysis by radio carbon, thermoluminescence, optically stimulated luminescence and other means in some of the most reputable laboratories of the world, including in Oxford, England and Hanover, Germany. All results have lent further support to the original assertions.

The discoveries in the Gulf of Cambay seem part of a rapidly developing pattern worldwide of newly emerging evi­dence for prediluvian civilizations. In the Bahamas clear proof for the existence of ancient port facilities has now been produced in Bimini and at Andros Island (see Greg Little’s report elsewhere in this issue). Near Japan, similar pat­terns are now being scrutinized. To the northwest of Cuba still more anomalous underwater structures await defini­tive examination. All of this comes as no surprise to many, like researcher Graham Hancock, who believe the seeds of ancient civilization will eventually be found in underwater regions which millennia ago were above sea level, once again vindicating accounts from indigenous peoples everywhere of ancient destruction by flood.

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