Vehicle Wheel Ruts Are Millions of Years Old, Argues Geologist
The anomalous tire and tread tracks of what could be ancient machines, found mostly in Turkey and Spain, and other places as well, are providing a major archaeological mystery. Now a respected Russian geologist says he believes the tracks could be 12 to 14 million years old.
Dr. Alexander Koltypin, director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Geology, has been studying ancient ruts appearing in ground that has been petrified since the middle to late Miocene Era. Often intersecting very ancient geological fault lines, which they, thus, must predate, the tracks cannot be dismissed as of recent origin.
Koltypin has investigated numerous petrified sites in Malta, Italy, Kazakhstan, France, and even in North America. In Turkey, one cluster near Sofia covers an area of about 450 square miles. In Cappadocia are several such areas as large as 300 square miles. Some of the tracks are comparable in width to modern vehicles with tires about nine-inches wide.
The conventional theory, found in the very few works previously discussing the subject, was that the tracks were caused by lightweight carts or chariots. (Of course, according to orthodoxy, modern humans were not around at such early dates.) The ruts are far too deep, says Koltypin, to be made by such small conveyances—even those that could have been drawn by camel. After conducting many field studies in various locations and extensively reviewing scientific literature on the local geology, he speculates that the tracks might have been left by the builders of underground cities found in places like Cappadocia but says they are are far older than is conventionally believed, and could only have been left by heavy machinery.
Dr. Koltypin’s research and many pictures can be found on his website www.earthbeforeflood.com and in several YouTube videos.
For more evidence of Miocene humanity, see Michael Cremo’s column on page 18.
CAPTION: Petrified track marks in Turkey (Photos by Dr. Alexander Koltypin)