No Fossils Needed to Make Oil, Study Says
Is Earth about to run out of oil? The answer, according to many mainstream scientists, is yes, and pretty darn soon. Citing conventional wisdom about possible worldwide oil reserves and the alarming rate at which we are using them up, these authorities predict a day in the not-too-far-distant future when the world will no longer be able to power itself with “fossil” fuels. But are they right? Are we really living off a limited bank account of fossil remains which will soon be exhausted? Definitely not says new research.
According to scientists at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden, fossils are not necessary for the production of oil and natural gas. In a study published in the peer review journal Nature Geoscience, oil can be, and is even now, produced by natural and ongoing forces in the inner layers of Earth without any need for animal or plant remains. Moreover, says professor Vladimir Kutcherov who, along with two colleagues, wrote the study, the findings indicate that oil is likely available from many areas all over the globe which have not previously been considered suitable for exploration, such as in Sweden. The oil supply, says Kutcherov, is not about to end.
The researchers have simulated the pressures and heat which are believed to occur at great depths to produce hydrocarbons. There is no way, says Kutcherov, that fossil remains could have seeped down to seven miles below the state of Texas which is rich in such deposits.
Even though the wisdom of relying on oil as a primary fuel may be questionable for many other reasons, including its effect on the environment, the possibility that it may be available in virtually unlimited quantities from every corner of the globe could quickly remove at least one of the great threats looming over world economies. Could the belief in a ‘scarcity’ of resources which has driven most, if not all, world conflict since the dawn of human history, be replaced with a hopeful new awareness of an actual ‘abundance’ of resources available from many surprising directions? Stay tuned.
Global Warming’s Causes Reconsidered
Even the BBC has begun to doubt the reality of manmade climate change. “What’s Happening to Global Warming?” was the headline in an October story which reported that temperatures have not increased in over a decade, something which Al Gore’s much vaunted computer models had not predicted and yet at a time when carbon dioxide emissions were continuing to increase. Inasmuch as the BBC had been at the forefront of those trumpeting the dangers of global warming, the story shocked many who found it very inconvenient.
Climate change skeptics, the story pointed out, have been saying we told you so. Their argument has been that the primary causes of rising temperatures in the 1990s were not manmade so much as they were the result of natural cycles, mostly related to the sun, which provides 98% of Earth’s warmth, and over which we have no control. Those same cycles are now causing the planet to cool and will probably continue to do so for the next thirty years or so. Some have even warned that we might be heading for a mini ice age as experienced in the so-called Maunder Minimum of low sunspot numbers in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Our currently declining global temperatures are also accompanied by low sunspot activity.
In some metaphysically minded circles, another explanation for earthly climate change is somewhat related to the Gaia hypothesis which posits that the earth is actually a living being—one which is even aware of human activity on its surface. The sun, it is argued, is also a living thing and is, indeed, conscious in ways far beyond ordinary human comprehension. The suggestion is that, just as a mother might increase or limit the flow of milk to a suckling child, the sun is responding to the needs of evolving life on earth and subtly regulating the flow of its energy to our little world.