“There are in Mexico the ruins of a prehistoric sacred city (Teotihuacan) which apparently in that country had the significance that Mecca possesses for Moslems, or Lourdes for Catholics.”—Mid-20th Century Atlantologist, Alexander Braghine
Thirty three miles north of Mexico City lies the grandest archaeological zone on the continent, Teotihuacan. At the zenith of its power, believed to be about fourteen centuries ago, the ancient megalopolis may have embraced as many as 300,000 inhabitants, who dominated Middle America to a greater extent than any people before or since. Covering an area approximately eight square miles, a nearly two-mile long, 130-foot wide ceremonial highway known as the Avenue of the Dead leads to a stupendous set of stone monuments, the largest of these being the Pyramid of the Sun. Originally rising in four massive stages above the arid environment, it contains approximately a million cubic yards of stone mostly faced with hewn tezontle, a coarse, reddish volcanic rock.
Other than a generally comparable massiveness, the Mexican structure appears at first glance wholly unlike ancient Egypt’s foremost building, the Great Pyramid of Khufu on the Giza Plateau. But a closer examination reveals some startling similarities. There is only a six-foot difference in their base diameters on both sides, and the Pyramid of the Sun was (before modern restoration) just 14.39 feet over the mid-height of the Great Pyramid. While not identical, these dimensions are intriguingly close.
The fundamental arithmetical function of Khufu’s Great Pyramid incorporates the value of pi, the ratio of a circle’s diameter to its circumference, a concept used to solve problems about the size, shape, weight, etc., of the earth. The concept works when we multiply the structure’s radius by 2 pi. Mexico’s Pyramid of the Sun achieves the same result though precisely twice the Egyptian formula. Multiplying its true height by 4 pi makes an incredibly accurate (less than one-half inch from exact) reading of its perimeter. The very precision of this computation renders chance arrangement unlikely.
The late 19th century pioneer in Mesoamerican archaeology, Augustus Le Plongeon, found that the Mayas’ chief unit of measurement was one forty-millionth of the circumference of the earth. It is not known if Teotihuacan’s Pyramid of the Sun incorporates this geodetic unit, although the structure was in use during the Mayas’ florescence. Le Plongeon was pilloried during his lifetime by conventional colleagues, who took scant interest in his priceless collection of Maya artifacts, in large measure because he refused to observe their anathema of public discussion about Atlantis.
Both Egypt’s Great Pyramid and Mexico’s Pyramid of the Sun are oriented to the Four Cardinal Directions, an alignment that produces a shared phenomenon. At high noon of the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, the Great Pyramid of the Nile Valley and America’s greatest pyramid in the Valley of Mexico cast no shadow, an effect that recalls the similarity of their names; the former was commonly known as the “Mountain of Ra,” the sun-god, just as the latter is still remembered as the Pyramid of the Sun. According to Dr. Gunnar Thompson, “Mexican historian Mariano Cuevas believes the Egyptian structure served as a model, because both have the same geographical alignment. Furthermore, archaeologists have identified the ‘Re’ serpent/sun glyph at Teotihuacan.” Reproductions presented by Thompson show a fundamental similarity between the “Re glyph” and the “Mexican Serpent Sun Eye.”
Beneath the Pyramid of the Sun is a 300-foot-long, seven-foot-high lava tube leading to a natural cave terra-formed by its ancient builders into a quartet of chambers. Its arrangement roughly parallels the descending passageway and chambers of the Great Pyramid. More exactly like the Egyptian King’s Chamber, the Mexican passageway terminates into its cluster of chambers just off center from the Pyramid of the Sun’s geometrical mid-point. Its two upper levels contained a huge sheet of mica. The function of this bizarre find could not have been decorative, because its position was situated between layers within the uppermost reaches of the apex. Unfortunately, the mica disappeared after its discovery in 1906. But another, much smaller structure not far from the Pyramid of the Sun was found to contain two enormous mica wafers, each 90 feet square. This building may have been used to store the mica for use in the nearby Pyramid of the Sun.
The mineral was certainly valued most highly, because it had to be imported with great care all the way from Brazil, 2,000 miles by land and sea. Even so, it does not appear in a religious or ceremonial context anywhere else in Teotihuacan, or the rest of Mesoamerica, for that matter. How could it, concealed away from view within the apex of the Pyramid of the Sun? Yet, its presence provides an answer when we realize that mica has been valued since the beginning of our modern age of electricity for its use as a chief component in the production of capacitors. As Corliss points out, “Since large slabs of mica have considerable value for their electrical properties, it is hardly surprising that this artifact quickly disappeared.”
In his landmark work, The Giza Power Plant, Christopher Dunn demonstrated that Egypt’s Great Pyramid was never a tomb, but a solid-state electrical device powered by the natural forces of the earth itself. Following up on his convincing evidence, I concluded in Opening the Ark of the Covenant that the Great Pyramid was a geo-transducer purpose-built to transmute seismic violence into electrical discharge. Like Egypt’s Great Pyramid, its Mexican counterpart is similarly positioned over a major earthquake fault, the most active in Middle America, and the culprit responsible for so many seismic upheavals which have done terrific damage to Mexico City for centuries. As in any transducer, in order for it to have functioned, a large and suitable crystal had to be installed in the granite “sarcophagus” of the structure’s King’s Chamber. In fact, Arab tradition recounted the former existence of just such a crystal in the Egyptian pyramid.
Did the huge mica sheets in Mexico’s Pyramid of the Sun similarly ameliorate the harmful energies let loose by earthquake activity? Corliss admits that “a tenuous and subtle connection can be made between the Teotihuacan mica sheets and the strange cavities filled with sifted, mineral-enriched sand in the Great Pyramid.” There are, in fact, many and significant geodetic comparisons between both structures: The fundamental similarity of their internal configurations, their positioning over major earthquake zones, and a shared use of capacitor minerals at their apexes lead one to conclude that the two pyramids were engineered as geo-transducers by the same designers. Their differences are equally important, because each structure, while incorporating important common features, reflects the particular topography and geology of their separate locations. An exact reproduction of Egypt’s Great Pyramid would not fit in the Valley of Mexico because, among its other geodetic features, it defines the geographical dimensions of the Nile Delta. On the other hand, the Pyramid of the Sun was, as it were, tailored to the related though peculiar situation of Middle America.
But what can account for their fundamental similarities, separated as they are by thousands of miles? A hint may lie in Teotihuacan’s location. Perhaps the most overtly antediluvian site on the continent, it lies an incongruous 130 miles from the nearest coast, it abounds with maritime themes. Murals and stone friezes are obsessed with portraying conch, scallop and olive seashells. At the base of the Pyramid of the Moon, on its own massive altar in a unique place of honor immediately fronting the penultimate monument of Teotihuacan, is a great conch shell superbly sculpted many times its natural size. Why should the lone symbol of the sea have been provided with so extraordinary a place in this desert kingdom, if not to epitomize some deeply significant connection between its creators and the ocean?
The Atlantean character of the site begins to reveal itself in the city’s alignment with the setting of the Pleiades, the Daughters of Atlas, Atlantises. Reaffirming the importance of this orientation, the builders of Teotihuacan even altered the course of the nearby San Juan River to align with the Pleiades. Close to the Pyramid of the Sun stood a colossal basalt statue of Chalchiuhtlicue, the water-goddess who was said to have caused the great flood which destroyed a former age. She was massively portrayed at Teotihuacan as an “Atlantean” figure supporting a lintel signifying the sky.
Another “Atlantean” figure, the bearded rain-god, Tlaloc, who bore the sky on his shoulders, is depicted in an important mural at Teotihuacan’s Tetitla Palace. Several buildings down from the Pyramid of the Moon stands the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, the yellow-bearded, fair-skinned culture-bearer who arrived with his fellow artists and scientists of the Old Red Land from over the Sunrise Sea to found civilization in the Valley of Mexico. And when we observe that the monuments of Teotihuacan are built with the same kind of red, white and black volcanic stone Plato said the Atlanteans preferred as the construction materials for their sacred buildings, implications of Atlantis are difficult to ignore.
Comparisons with the Great Pyramid, however compelling, are challenged by the relative dating of both structures. The Egyptian edifice is at least 4,500 years old, perhaps much older. According to archaeologists, Mexico’s Pyramid of the Sun was built approximately 2,000 years ago. The twenty five centuries (at least) supposedly separating the two sites would seem to render any connection between them most unlikely. Yet, there may be a solution to this apparent discrepancy in time.
Researchers are divided over the true age of Teotihuacan. Standard texts describe the earliest human habitation there around 200 B.C., but as long ago as the 1950s, one of Mexico’s leading archaeologists, Manuel Covarrubias, arrived at firm radio-carbon dates for 500 years earlier. According to David Childress, “further radiocarbon tests gave a date of 1474 B.C. (with a possible small error either way). A date of circa 1400 B.C. is now widely accepted”. But even a 15th century B.C. time parameter for the city would still make its Pyramid of the Sun far more than a thousand years younger than the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
The most plausible date for Teotihuacan was arrived at through a study of the area surrounding the ceremonial center. The land is far too poor to have ever supported a population upwards of 300,000 inhabitants. Investigators continue to wonder why the megalopolis was founded in so unproductive and remote a location. But its natural surroundings were not always arid. Once the soil was rich, rivers ran across the plain, lakes were home to abundant wildlife, and there were forests and meadows. The establishment of Teotihuacan would have made sense in such a supportive setting. This Edenic environment was drastically transformed to its present desert-like condition by the massive eruption of a nearby volcano. A minority of geologists argue that Teotihuacan must have flourished before Mount Xitli’s massive out-gassing. The date for its eruption around 4000 B.C. removes the Pyramid of the Sun far beyond the parameters calculated by available radio-carbon testing, but places it within the general time-frame of Egypt’s Great Pyramid.
Certainly, Teotihuacan went through major construction phases between A.D. 200 and 450 and rose to the zenith of its influence over the next three centuries. But perhaps the technological foundation of its foremost structures was already in place for several millennia before. It may have been subsequently built upon and expanded by later cultures. If so, then the Mexican and Egyptian pyramids could have a common origin after all. As Peter Tompkins suggests in his monumental work on the subject, Mysteries of the Mexican Pyramids, “it seemed reasonable to assume that any Earth-commensurate unit used in Mesoamerica be related to the unit used in the building of the Great Pyramid of Cheops, or at least to have been derived from some common source.”
Like the Egyptian structure, Mexico’s Pyramid of the Sun may have served metaphysical purposes. While its mysterious builders vanished about A.D. 650, a suggestive echo of their structure’s similarly spiritual qualities survives in the name of the city it still dominates: Teotihuacan. In Nahuatl, the Aztec language, it means “The Place where Men become Gods.” Perhaps men did indeed feel like gods when they experienced the extrasensory effects generated by the Pyramid of the Sun.