70,000-Year-Old Settlement Found in Sudan
Polish archaeologists have been making many remarkable and—from the point of view of mainstream history—disturbing discoveries of late. On page 22 of this issue, you can read Frank Joseph’s report on Tell Qaramel, an archaeological site in Syria, which, along with Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, is pushing the mainstream narrative for the dawn of civilization back to astonishingly ancient and even prediluvian times. In July came word that another team of Polish archaeologists in Sudan had unearthed the remains of a modern human settlement estimated to be 70,000 years old. Known as Affad 23, the site is the only one so far recorded in the Nile valley, which makes it clear that Homo sapiens were building sizable and permanent structures and had adapted to the wetland environment.
Such an age for such development contradicts the standard academic view that such building activities did not happen before the so-called Great Exodus from Africa to the north, thought to be about 60,000 years ago. The project director Dr. Marta Osypinska, from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Poznan, reports discovery of a large flint workshop, and prepared space for cutting up animal carcasses, located some distance apart. Implication: the so-called, hunter-gatherer societies that existed before the claimed birth of agriculture were not the primitive savages we have long imagined them to be.
More Ancient Geoglyphs Spotted in Peru
The vast network of lines on the plain of Nazca in southwestern Peru has long been considered one of the world’s most inexplicable ancient mysteries. Now, it turns out, there is another set of such lines, and not far away. Pilot Eduardo Herrán Gómez de la Torre made the new discovery from his plane following recent sandstorms which had unexpectedly exposed giant geoglyphs of animals and geometric figures to view.
Like the previous patterns, the new figures are so enormous; they are visible only from the air. One newly revealed glyph is of a snake nearly 200 feet in length. Like the originals, the new patterns are dated to from about 500 BC to AD 500. The question arises: how were the primitive earthbound designers able to achieve such remarkable aerial visions, when they could not have viewed them for themselves?
Conventional wisdom has it that the lines were related to either religion or water, but no one knows for sure.
New Evidence Puts Humans in America Long Before Clovis
In the movie Sixth Sense, the character played by Bruce Willis, though dead, doesn’t know it. When he finally realizes that fact in the movie’s climax, it comes as a shock to both him and the audience. Something like that appears to be going on in academic circles regarding the Clovis theory of human origins in the Americas which insists we didn’t get here until migrating from Siberia, about 12,000 years ago. The theory may be dead, but many mainstream academics don’t appear to know it yet.
The latest evidence comes from Chesapeake Bay. In an area that has not been above water for 14,000 years, a 22,000-year-old mastodon skull along with associated flint knives of considerable sophistication has been dredged up. The artifacts, recently analyzed by geologist Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware, suggest that rather than being colonized from the northwest, America may have been first settled from the east, i.e., Europe, by very ancient seafarers. The so-called Solutrean theory has been gaining adherents for a while now, but many mainstream archaeologists remain yet unwilling to give up their cherished Clovis narrative.
Smithsonian Magazine has chronicled a number of discoveries which are testing the foundations of orthodoxy in places like Monte Verde, Chile, and Aucilla River in Florida (See “When did Humans Come to the Americas?” Smithsonian, February 2013). More recently, excavations in Brazil by archaeologist Niede Guidon have turned up spectacular cave paintings dating to 30,000 years ago. For evidence of vastly greater human antiquity found in Calico, California, and once actively promoted by famed paleontologist Louis Leakey, see Michael Cremo’s Forbidden Archaeologist column elsewhere in this issue.