Professor Gerald Pollack is Founding Editor-in-Chief of the scientific journal Water, and is recognized as an international leader in science and engineering. He has developed a very unusual theory of water and has spent years convincing the world that water is not actually a liquid.
Pollack was the 2012 recipient of the Prigogine Medal for thermodynamics of dissipative systems. The recipient of an honorary doctorate from Ural State University in Russia he was also named an honorary professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences. A Founding Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering and a Fellow of both the American Heart Association and the Biomedical Engineering Society, Pollack recently received an NIH Award for his work on water. He maintains an active laboratory in Seattle. Pollack, it appears, has discovered something really new about how water is formed and reacts.
For years, Dr. Pollack had researched muscles and how they contract, and it struck him as odd that the most common ideas about muscle contraction do not involve water, despite the fact that muscle tissue consists of 99% water molecules.
How could it be that 99% of the molecules were ignored? How could it be that muscle contracts without involving the water in some way? These questions help catalyze his passionate investigation into water.
In the preface to The Fourth Phase of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid, and Vapor, he writes: “This book attempts to build reliable foundations for a new science of water. The foundation derives from recent discoveries. Upon this new foundation, we will build a framework of understanding with considerable predictive power: everyday phenomena become plainly explainable without the need for mind-bending twists and jumps.”
Then comes the bonus: “the process of building this new framework will yield four new scientific principles—principles that may prove applicable beyond water and throughout all of nature.”
One of the challenges centered on the field of water—the subject of the book. The challenger of highest prominence at the time was Gilbert Ling.
In 1962, Ling proposed the Association Induction Hypothesis (AIH), a unifying, general theory of the living cell, which challenged the standard membrane and membrane pump theories. Ling carried out numerous scientific experiments attempting to disprove the standard view of the cell as a membrane containing a number of such pumps.
Ling had invented the glass micro-electrode, which revolutionized cellular electrophysiology. That contribution should have earned him a Nobel Prize, but Ling got into trouble, “because his results began telling him that water molecules inside the cell lined up in an orderly fashion.”
Such orderliness was anathema to most biological and physical scientists. But Ling was not shy about broadcasting his conclusions, especially to those who might have thought otherwise.
“Ling’s case opened my eyes wider,” says Pollack, “I began to understand why challengers suffered the fates they did: always, the challenges provoked discomfort among the orthodox believers. That stirred trouble for the challengers. I also came to realize that challenges were common, more so than generally appreciated.”
Not only were the water and muscle fields under siege, but voices of dissent could also be heard in fields ranging from nerve transmission to cosmic gravitation. The more I looked, the more I found. I don’t mean flaky challenges coming from attention-seeking wackos; I’m referring to the meaningful challenges coming from thoughtful, professional scientists.
The key to Dr. Pollack’s entire hypothesis lies in the properties of water. The water molecules become structured in arrays or strata when they interact with charged surfaces such as those presented by proteins. The cell’s water is potentially structured. Water stays put in the cells because it’s absorbed into the protein surfaces. Structured water adheres to the proteins of the cells.
Structured water does not have the same properties as bulk water. Water is the carrier of the most important molecules of life, like proteins and DNA. In the book, Cells, Gels and the Engines of Life, evidence is presented that shows water is absolutely essential to everything the cell does. The water in our cells is not like water in a glass. It’s actually ordered pretty much like a crystal. Like ice, it excludes particles and solutes as it forms. The space formed is called an exclusion zone (EZ).
There is evidence that exclusion zone water/structured water is physically different from bulk water (H2O). Structured Water forms (honeycomb) hexagonal sheets very similar to ice because it’s the next phase. Structured Water (liquid crystalline) is H3O2 . . . the fourth phase of water. It’s a transition stage between water and ice. (Then he goes into sources for this structured water and how to make it.)
Dr. Pollack’s book also touches on some of the lesser-known features of water, many of which are really not understood. For example, how does evaporation take place? Why does a teakettle whistle? Also, despite the fact that conventional science tells us freezing is supposed to occur at zero degrees Celsius, experiments show that it can freeze at many different temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Celsius.
There’s actually no, one single freezing point for water! Other experiments show that the boiling point of 100 degrees Celsius (or 212 degrees Fahrenheit) does not always hold true either.
[In his 1963 novel Cat’s Cradle, famed science writer Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. imagined apocalyptically a type of crystal ice (“Ice 9”), which would freeze at room temperature. When a few drops accidentally fell into the ocean, water everywhere soon froze, thus ending the world. —ED]
“There’s a famous website put together by a British scientist, Martin Chaplin. Martin lists numerous anomalies associated with water,” Dr. Pollack says. “In other words, things that shouldn’t be, according to what we know about water…
“The more anomalies we have, the more we begin to think that maybe there’s something fundamental about water that we really don’t know. That’s the core of what I’m trying to do. In our laboratory at the University of Washington, we’ve done many experiments over the last decade. These experiments have clearly shown the existence of this additional phase of water.”
The reason this fourth phase of water is called the exclusion zone (EZ) is because the first thing Dr. Pollack’s team discovered is that it profoundly excludes things. Even small molecules are excluded from EZ water. Surprisingly, EZ water appears in great abundance, including inside most of your cells. Even your extracellular tissues are filled with this kind of water. The water in your cells gives them their negative charge.
Other inherent differences between regular water and EZ water include its structure. Typical tap water is H2O, but this fourth phase is not H2O; it’s actually H3O2. It’s also more viscous, more ordered, and more alkaline than regular water, and its optical properties are different. The refractive index of EZ water is about 10% higher than ordinary water. Its density is also about 10% higher, and it has a negative charge (negative electrical potential). This may provide the answer as to why human cells are negatively charged. Dr. Pollack explains:
“Everybody knows that the cell is negatively charged. If you insert an electrode into any of your cells, you’ll measure a negative electrical potential. The textbook says that the reason for this negative electrical potential has something to do with the membrane and the ion channels in the membrane.
“Oddly, if you look at a gel that has no membrane, you record much the same potential—100 millivolts or 150 millivolts negative. The interior of the cell is much like a gel. It’s kind of surprising that something without a membrane yields the same electrical potential as the cell with a membrane.
“That raises the question: where does this negativity come from? Well, I think the negativity comes from the water, because the EZ water inside the cell has a negative charge. The same is true of the gel—the EZ water in the gel confers negativity. I think the cells are negatively charged because the water inside the cell is mainly EZ water and not neutral H2O.
“The key ingredient to create EZ water is light; i.e., electromagnetic energy, whether in the form of visible light, ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths and infrared wavelengths, which we’re surrounded by all the time. Infrared is the most powerful, particularly at wavelengths of approximately three micrometers, which is all around you. The EZ water can build on any hydrophilic or water-loving surface when infrared energy is available.”
It builds by adding layer upon layer of EZ water and can build millions of molecular layers. This is how it occurs in nature. For example, ice doesn’t form directly from ordinary H2O. It goes from regular water to EZ water to ice. And when you melt it, it goes from ice to EZ water to regular water. So EZ water is an intermediate state.
“Glacial melt is a perfect way to get EZ water. And a lot of people have known that this water is really good for your health,” Dr. Pollack says.
Testing water samples using a UV-visible spectrometer, which measures light absorption at different wavelengths, Dr. Pollack has discovered that in the UV region of 270 nanometers, just shy of the visible range, the EZ water actually absorbs light. The more of the 270-nanometer light the water absorbs, the more EZ water the sample contains. EZ water appears to be quite stable. This means it can hold the structure, even if you leave it sitting around for some time. Water samples from the river Ganges and from the Lourdes in France have been measured, showing spikes in the 270 nanometer region, suggesting these “holy waters” contain high amounts of EZ water. According to Dr. Pollack, there’s compelling evidence that EZ water is indeed lifesaving…
So no telling how many experiments, discoveries, and anomalies dealing with water have to be reviewed now with the H3O2 EZ structured water taken into account and even added to earlier experiments to see what comes of it.
Where Does Structured Water Come From?
SPRING WATER • Under pressure (deep in the ground) water becomes structured.
GLACIAL MELT Ice turns into structured water (EZ water) when melting. The phase between liquid and solid is structured water.
VORTEXING • A vortex occurs naturally in nature, as in streams, rivers, waterfalls, etc. The vortex is a kind of mechanical perturbation or agitation. Vortexing is a very powerful way of increasing structure. There are devices on the market that create vortex water.
JUICING • Water that comes from the plant cells. Structured juice water!
ANTIOXIDENTS • Most of the tissues in our body are negative. Our cells are a negative charge; oxidants are a positive charge. Antioxidants maintain the negative charge in our body.
SUNLIGHT • It is critical to our health. Light builds structured water (EZ water.)
CIRCULATION • Red blood cells work their way through capillaries; light is the driver of flow. Add light and flow increases. Something other than the heart (blood pressure) is driving the blood.
INFRARED LIGHT • Energy is generated everywhere. It drives the processes in your body.