Crop Circle Questions Still Unanswered!

As Implications Multiply, Real Explanations Are Hard to Find

The crop circle phenomena, like UFOs (which may be connected) simply will not go away. For decades people have reported areas of flattened grain (the British use the term “corn” to refer to a major cereal, such as wheat; and what we in the US call “corn” they call Indian corn, or maize). Sometimes the flattened areas are just relatively simple circles, and sometimes they are geometrically complex patterns, often many yards across. Simple circles could easily be hoaxed or could be caused by some unknown natural phenomenon, but the complex structures are either the work of some non-human intelligence, or the work of more competent human artists or hoaxers.

As with the UFO issue, opinion seems polarized. Researcher Colin Andrews (who coined the term “crop circle”) believes that some circles are hoaxed but that others may be created by some unknown intelligence for some unknown reason—perhaps to raise human consciousness and get us into harmony with nature. He is supposedly from an old Wiltshire family—perhaps descended from the builders of Stonehenge and other megalithic structures. Andrews and the late Pat Delgado suspect that governments are covering up what they know about the structures, which they claim are precisely delineated and sharp-edged with the grain stems bent, not broken (many UFO researchers believe that governments cover up the truth about UFOs as well). Andrews is an electrical engineer; and another British researcher, Terence Meaden, is said to have degrees in physics, meteorology, and archaeology and has also studied ancient megalithic sites. He has studied tornadoes and believes that some crop circles may be formed by microbursts, powerful downdrafts of air, possibly ionized—roughly the opposite of tornadoes. The late John Michell, author of The View Over Atlantis and the The New View Over Atlantis, studied mysticism and ancient structures—and crop circles.

The Smithsonian Institution and a Wikipedia article claim that the circles are all hoaxed and that people believe because they want to. The Smithsonian is basically an elitist organization that touts the official government line on virtually everything—there are no UFOs, and everyone should always trust the government and the elite media.

The circles and more complex structures appear all over the world, but they seem to be more frequent in areas like Wiltshire in Southern England, areas where ancient megaliths are also common.

Before the modern circle phenomenon developed, people reported seeing “fairy rings,” circles usually found in grass, which debunkers assure us are all nothing more than mushroom rings. Mushroom rings certainly exist, but there is not an atom of proof that all (or, indeed, any) of the fairy rings people reported were mushroom circles. A 1678 British news pamphlet described a mysterious “mowing devil” who cut the grain in farmers’ fields in Hartfordshire… but it was allegedly cut down (and, apparently, stolen), not bent over and flattened. Archaeologist E.C. Curwen reported dark rings of flattened barley, with the centers rounded up, in 1932 near Chichester in the UK. In Queensland, Australia in the 1960s people reported UFOs and flattened rings in sugarcane fields and in swamp vegetation. Some of the rings, at least, were photographed. In the 1967 Tully Saucer Nest case, a Queensland farmer claimed that he saw a UFO take off from a swamp, leaving a thirty-two- by twenty-five-foot oval area of clockwise flattened grass and uprooted swamp reeds.

In 1991, two rather elderly Englishmen, Doug Bower and Dave Chorley, claimed to have hoaxed most of the crop circles in the UK. Yet most researchers estimate that during the eighties and nineties an average of about 250 circles per year were reported worldwide, and about two thirds of those (150–160) were in the UK. The growing season for the grains in the UK extends from May through September—giving the incredibly skillful and energetic fellows only about 150 days or so (at the most) to travel all over the UK producing over 100 circles, or over two every three nights (circles usually, but not always, appear overnight). Doug and Dave obligingly demonstrated for the TV cameras their technique of using a centrally anchored rope to keep them on a circular path and a board to bend the grain down. This would work well for simple circles, but, as we shall see, many crop “circles” are far more complex and very large. And if these two men hoaxed 100 or more (their story also evolved a bit over time) in the UK, who hoaxed the others? And who hoaxed the 100 or so per year outside the UK? English nights in May and June and early July, even down in Wiltshire, are very, very short. How did they finish the circles before dawn? Farmers often rise early, and there are laws against vandalism. Several hoaxers, including one Mather Williams, were prosecuted for vandalism—farmers can lose up to 1,000 Pounds Sterling to crop circle damage. Yet Doug and Dave magically escaped. And where do the teams of hoaxers park their cars along the narrow roads of places like rural Wiltshire? What motivated Doug and Dave to spend so many hours, risking prosecution, in the cold predawn darkness and (at times) rain? Did they never sleep? Or, if their story is not true, what motivated (or who paid) them to lie?

The larger and more complex “circles” could be hoaxes by teams of skilled people using GPS and applying considerable knowledge of geometry. No doubt some are hoaxed and, as we have seen, some vandals are prosecuted. But consider the following examples. One was 50–100 yards across (not circular) with 223 precisely designed components, each many feet across. Another had 42 smaller circles in a complex spiral pattern. In 2009, as a “test,” a National Geographic team took all night to do a complex pattern of over 80 circles, having paid the farmer. But another circle has several hundred smaller circles in a complex, spiral pattern. Who could have hoaxed that without being caught? An August 3, 2003, structure in Wiltshire had 30 circles in a complex pattern and also the images of three birds in flight. The 1997 Milk Hill (UK) fractal Star of Solomon had 204 circles and would have taken a long time to do even in daylight. Again, why do the police never notice the cars parked at night? How do the hoaxers work in darkness, or, if they use “torches,” why are they not seen? Do no farm dogs ever warn the famers or attack or drive off the invaders? Really?

Those who believe that at least some of these structures are engineered by a non-human intelligence point out all these inconvenient facts. They believe that hoaxers break the stems of the plants but that in “real” circles they are bent, and the nodes are expanded, as if by heat (like microwaves). Some debunkers, including agronomists, claim that hoaxers bend the stalks downward and then the nodes naturally grow upward to counteract this and allow the plant to survive. The believers say that the nodes actually bend downward.

Then there is the famous August 11, 1996, YouTube video showing a circle forming in a UK field almost instantly as strange balls of light fly low over the crops. At least one other video, produced by one John Wade, was equally impressive—yet, Wade later admitted that it was a hoax. There is at least one video out there that clearly shows hoaxers doing the whole thing on a computer terminal. On the other hand, a pilot, Rod Taylor, and passenger, flying near Stonehenge at 5:15 PM in July of 1996, claimed that they saw nothing unusual (other than Stonehenge itself), and flew back over the area minutes later and saw the 920-foot-long “Julia Set” crop circle. Supposedly the security guards at Stonehenge verified that there had been no circle earlier, and several people driving by in the area verified this—one woman said that she actually saw it form, under a low cloud of spinning mist.

Winston Keech, Gary King, and Paula Presdee said that they were watching a field at night on July 7, 2007, using low-light cameras. There was no circle, but then there was a flash of light, and one appeared. On July 20, 2011, Andy Jones and later Tony Hughes saw a formation near Cherhill Down, where there had been nothing 30 minutes earlier. There are several independent videos of light balls, flashes, and beams seemingly creating crop circles.

Nancy Talbott’s team, in Massachusetts, has studied crop circle formations all over the world and found unusually high amounts of magnetic meteoric dust (mostly magnetite and hematite, forms of iron oxide) in some crop circle formations, like the one at Cherhill in the UK, and some found in 1999 in Midale, Saskatchewan. The dust seems to be concentrated just inside the circle rather than at the center. Surprisingly large amounts of meteor dust rain down on Earth all the time, especially during meteor showers, and some of this is magnetic. This probably means either that crop circles have strong magnetic fields as they form, or, more likely, given that the dust falls fairly slowly, the formation process magnetizes the rock and soil in the formation—or, perhaps, the area was already magnetic, and the circle makers are drawn to (or tend to dwell in) such areas. Researcher Freddy Silva claimed that U.S. nuclear physicists Michael Chorost and Marshall Dudly found anomalously large amounts of the radioisotopes of certain metals in crop circles.

People have claimed all sorts of odd effects in and around crop circle formations, including a humming or buzzing sound, and malfunctions of electronic equipment, like cell phones. Some photographs taken in formations have been weirdly distorted. Supposedly, dogs fear the formations, and people have reported nausea and dizziness, and some have reported fear and sadness, while others claim euphoria and a heightened awareness.

So what are we to make of all this? Certainly, some formations are hoaxes, and some people probably have strong emotional reactions just because that’s what they want or expect. But the bulk of the evidence seems to show that something else is going on, and that it is probably at least indirectly related to the UFO phenomenon, and perhaps to the ancient belief in fairies or elves, the idea that one or more races of nonhuman or quasi-human beings share this Earth (or a space near this reality) with us. It would be simple if it were all the work of “aliens” or angelic or demonic beings. But it is likely that a good many things are going on at once and have been for a very long time. If I had to hazard a guess, I would suggest that the circle makers are the ancient teachers (for good or for ill) of mankind. Perhaps the builders of Stonehenge, for example, arose one morning to find its design imprinted in grass or grain and promptly set about making it permanent in stone. And we may or may not be entering a time of rapid change in our own consciousness—certainly, we could stand some increased enlightenment.


CAPTIONS: 2017 video shows a crop circle forming within seconds, as mysterious ‘balls of light’ move about a field in Wiltshire. (

This English circle that appeared in 2008 shows the first 10 digits of π, dazzling mathematicians in the process.



Scientist: Binary Code Detected in Crop Circles

An American scientist working in Australia has recently announced the discovery of hidden messages in crop circles. Dr. Horace Drew holds a Ph.D. from Cal Tech and is a scientist with CSIRO (the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, an independent Australian government agency for scientific research). For over 20 years he has investigated many of the mysterious formations that appear overnight in fields around the world—especially Great Britain. The formations, he says, contain messages in a binary code, which he believes are from aliens and/or human time travelers. Many of the circles, he stipulates, are fakes, but he has learned how to distinguish between the counterfeits and the real thing. While the hoaxes exhibit numerous flaws and are often quite crude, the real ones show a very high level of sophistication, as well as other differences. Grain stalks in hoaxes, for example, are bent halfway up their stems, while the real ones are bent at the ground.

In an interview with reporter Megan Palin writing for, Drew explained that he has discovered a form of binary coding, “more advanced than our computers currently use,” but that he can break down, and in some cases, read.

According to Drew, some crop circles provide general descriptions of the future. “Other crop (circles) show schematic images of the future for astronomical or human events.” Some of the decoded messages read: ‘Much pain but still time. Believe. There is good out there’; ‘Beware the bearers of false gifts and their broken promises’; ‘We oppose deception. Conduit closing.’

The messages from “aliens,” he says, may be greetings from advanced civilizations that see humans much like we see animals. ‘Time travelers’ from the future, however, he believes, may not be interested in communicating with us at all. Instead, crop circles may be markers to aid in the identification of time periods.

There is, says Drew, a lot of scientific evidence to show that some crop circles were made by intelligent beings from other worlds or times. “Laboratory results on plant or soil samples taken from a crop circle study in Brazil in October of 2016 show that it was formed by unknown sterilizing images,” he said. Moreover, the wide distribution of ‘hoax’ theories is, he believes, the work of the media. “Politicians are scared,” says Drew. “They’ll lose votes if they talk about it.” As for official research, “Whichever scientific team is doing this, I don’t think we’re supposed to have full knowledge of it because it will interrupt their program, whatever they’re doing.”

It’s important for humans to keep seeking answers, Drew believes. “The ET visitors have technologies that would benefit us greatly; for example, how to make safe, clean energy without burning oil, coal, or gas,” he said. “Ultra-fast propulsion systems, based on gravity and inertia, could carry us safely to distant planets or stars.”

By William B. Stoecker