Far to the south of modern Egypt, at a place called Edfu, there is a temple built for the ancient Egyptian falcon god, Horus. The temple itself was built during the Egyptian Ptolemaic period, around 200 BC but is believed to have been erected on a much more ancient sacred site. Upon the walls, ceilings, columns, and pylons of the temple are written texts said to have come from an ancient book. Indeed, so old and so fragile, its pages were crumbling; and the temple priests inscribed its content onto the temple’s walls, thus ensuring that their history was preserved in stone for all time. Today we have come to know these texts as the ‘Edfu Building Texts.’ They tell of a time in remote antiquity when the progenitors of the Egyptian civilization lived on a sacred island in the midst of a vast ocean, the homeland of the ‘primeval ones.’ The texts further tell us that this original homeland existed around 40,000 years ago but at some later time was destroyed in a great deluge with only a few survivors escaping in boats.
Conventional historians believe these writings are nothing more than myth and fable, insisting that ancient Egypt arose only around 5,000 years ago. But there are hints—some tantalizing clues—that suggest there may be more fact to this ‘myth’ than Egyptologists are presently prepared to accept.
Around 19,000 years ago a terrible natural event occurred on Earth that forever changed the world as it then was; it was an event so terrifying to the world’s population that its memory has been transmitted to us in what modern science regards as mere tales and legends—tales of a cataclysmic global flood that utterly devastated a former highly-developed civilization, bringing it to its knees. Could this have been the same cataclysmic event spoken of in the Edfu texts?
(Many associate this event with the beginning of the Younger Dryas, about 12,500 years ago. See the article by Andrew Collins elsewhere in this issue. —ED)
All these millennia ago the world was a very different place. Vast two-mile-thick ice sheets covered most of the North American and European continents. Sea levels, the world over, were around 400 feet lower than today’s, meaning that the coastlines where people would have lived were entirely different. But something dramatic happened that would profoundly change this ancient landscape. The great ice sheets suddenly began to melt and as they did, the sea levels began to rise. Generally speaking, the sea rise was slow and steady over long periods of time but, on occasion, would be punctuated by sudden and dramatic rises when massive glacial dams (moraines), holding back vast inland lakes, were suddenly breached sending overwhelming torrents of water spilling across the land, tearing it up and reshaping it and eventually gushing out into the Earth’s oceans bringing instant chaos all over the globe.
But there is a deeper mystery here. These vast ice sheets had been virtually stable for around 100,000 years, so what was it that caused their meltdown? What seems clear is that something about the Earth’s orbital dynamics must have been altered—and dramatically so—in order to bring about such profound global changes—but what?
While modern science presents some theories (such as Milankovitch cycles) in the attempt to explain what may have brought about this dramatic change to the Earth’s climate, none of them can explain all of the evidence and all are beset with shortcomings of one kind or another. Most agree, however, that, one way or another, the Earth’s orbital dynamics were different; that the great ice sheets were now receiving much more solar radiation than they were before, thus a meltdown was inevitable. Which brings us to the next question—what was it that happened to increase the solar radiation to the ice sheets?
Many researchers over the past 100 years or so have contemplated this enigma with some proposing that the Earth itself changed its orientation in space. This is to say that the angle of obliquity of the Earth’s rotational axis was suddenly altered moving the ice sheets southwards where they were exposed to more solar radiation. Some, such as Charles Hapgood, suggested Earth Crust Displacement (ECD) whereby the outer skin of the Earth slipped over the inner core thereby shifting polar regions into temperate zones and vice versa.
However, while some scientists accept that the Earth’s poles can indeed migrate, through a process known as True Polar Wander over many millions of years, they flatly reject the idea that such a shift could occur very rapidly, within days or months. For such a rapid shift to occur, the scientists insist, would require another body of comparable size to the Earth to collide with our planet but that such a collision would vaporize all life. Since life still flourishes on Earth, such a collision and pole shift can be ruled out.
Science, however, is littered with wrong assumptions and bad theories. The recent research of physicists, Wolfli, Baltensperger, and Nufer, demonstrates (through mathematical modeling) that a large body passing close by the Earth can, in fact, bring about a relocation of the Earth’s geographic poles through tidal forces and can do so in a manner compatible with life on the planet. In short, a realignment of the Earth’s polar axis in a very short period of time (around 400 days) is theoretically possible and can occur without the catastrophic consequences to Earth’s biosphere and ecosystem hitherto imagined by other scientists.
Did a relocation of the Earth’s geographic poles really take place around 19,000 years ago? It has often been said that extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence—so where’s the evidence to support such an extraordinary claim?
In 1963, Australian astronomer, George F. Dodwell, completed a study of the Earth’s obliquity using written records and ancient temple alignments around the world. What he found was that the Earth’s rotational axis in 2345 BC was tilted at around 26.5º, a full 2º beyond current scientific predictions for the Earth’s obliquity, for which the Newcomb formula predicts an oscillation of the axis of between 22.1 and 24.5 degrees. This could be the first scientific evidence that the Earth’s rotational axis has not, in fact, behaved in the orderly and predictable manner that modern science insists it should. Dodwell’s data clearly demonstrates that the Earth’s rotational axis had been disturbed and was in a state of flux in (at least) 2345 BC and, if Wolfli et al. are correct in their hypothesis, a disturbance could also have occurred at a much, much earlier time.
From all over the ancient world come legends (virtual eyewitness accounts) of how the ‘sky fell’ and of how the stars moved away from their normal passage across the night sky. Here are a few examples:
“And Noah saw that the Earth had tilted and that its destruction was near.” (Book of Noah, 65.1—Old Testament pseudepigraphal work attributed to Noah).
“Behold, the Lord maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.” (Book of Isaiah, 24:1, 24:20—Old Testament)
“The land turns around as does a potter’s wheel…” (The Admonitions of Ipuwer—Papyrus Leiden, 334)
“The pillars of heaven were broken and the corners of the earth gave way. Hereupon Nu Kua melted stones of the five colors to repair the heavens, and cut off the feet of the tortoise to set upright the four extremities of the earth. Gathering the ashes of reeds she stopped the flooding waters and thus rescued the land of Chi…” (Myths and Legends of China, p.56—E. T. C. Werner)
“The pillars of heaven were broken. The earth shook to its foundations. The sky sank lower towards the north. The sun, moon and stars changed their motions. The earth fell to pieces and the waters in its bosom uprushed with violence and overflowed… the system of the universe was totally disordered…” (Mysteries of Ancient South America, p. 31—Harold T. Wilkins)
In Murtadi (AD 992 at Tithe, in Arabia, translated in 1672) we find: “There was a king named Saurid, the son of Sahaloe, 300 years before the Deluge, who dreamed one night that he saw the earth overturned with its inhabitants, the men cast down on their faces, the stars falling out of the heavens, and striking one against the other, and making horrid and dreadful cries as they fell. He thereupon awoke much troubled… Next morning he ordered all the princes of the priests, and magicians of all the provinces of Egypt, to meet together; which they did to the number of 130 priests and soothsayers, with whom he went and related to them his dream.
“Among others, the priest Aclimon, who was the greatest of all, and resided chiefly in the king’s Court, said thus to him… I dreamed, said the priest… that I saw the heaven sink down below its ordinary situation, so that it was near the crown of our heads, covering and surrounding us, like a great basin turned upside down; that the stars were intermingled among men in diverse figures; that the people implored your Majesty’s succor, and ran to you in multitudes as their refuge; that you lifted up your hands above your head, and endeavored to thrust back the heaven, and keep it from coming down so low… I thought we saw a certain part of heaven opening, and a bright light coming out of it; that afterwards the sun rose out of the same place, and we began to implore his assistance; whereupon he said thus to us: ‘The heaven will return to its ordinary situation when I shall have performed three hundred courses.’ I thereupon awaked extremely affrighted.
“The priest having thus spoken, the king commanded them to take the height of the stars, and to consider what accident they portended. Whereupon they declared that they promised first the Deluge and, after that, fire. Then he commanded pyramids should be built, that they might remove and secure in them what was of most esteem in their treasuries… that the violence of the water might not destroy it.”
This last legend is possibly the most revealing of all in that it tells us quite clearly that, having observed a sudden change of the stars in the heavens, King Surid (possibly a corruption of Suphis/Khufu) ordered that giant pyramids be built to serve as “arks” in which all manner of items (including knowledge) would be secured; a preemptive plan that would allow the kingdom to rise from the destruction of an anticipated deluge. If this change in the heavens observed by the ancient Egyptians was the same event that resulted in the great ice sheets being moved into warmer latitudes where they went into meltdown, then this, of course, implies that the giant pyramids of ancient Egypt were built at the end of the last Ice Age—about 19,000 years ago.
(The last Ice Age is believed by some to be about 12,500 years ago, corresponding with Plato’s date for the sinking of Atlantis. —ED)
It stands to reason that in constructing their great ‘arks’ (pyramids), the ancient builders would include features that would explain (to future generations) what happened in the heavens and also when the event occurred. A close study of the Giza pyramids shows that they did precisely this and did so by forming a correlation between the Giza pyramids and the Orion Belt Stars, a correlation that was first observed and noted in 1956 by the French poet, artist, and philosopher, Jean Cocteau (Maalesh: A Theatrical Tour in the Middle East (1956), p.38), and later developed by author, Robert Bauval
In this Giza-Orion correlation the Great Pyramid represents the star Al Nitak in the Orion constellation. Unique to the Great Pyramid are two sets of two so-called ‘star shafts,’ which rise from the north and south sides of the King’s and Queen’s chambers. The two southern shafts are inclined at around 39º and 45º, a difference of around 6º. Intriguingly we find that the northern shafts are inclined at around 39º and 33º, again a difference of around 6º. What these shafts seem to be telling us is that the star Al Nitak in Orion’s Belt (when observed due south) shifted suddenly from an altitude of around 39º to an altitude of 45º—a shift of 6º. Conversely, the ‘mirrored’ point in the northern sky tilted in the opposite direction from an altitude of 39º to an altitude of 33º.
Of course, it is not the stars themselves that shifted altitude by 6º but rather that Giza was shifted 6º from the former pole, from around 36º N to its present latitude of 30º N. This rotational tilt is clearly indicated by the ‘crossover’ of the northern shaft trajectories. This is to say that were the shift from the pole to have occurred in the opposite direction then the crossover would have been applied to the southern shafts, and there would have been no crossover of the northern shafts. The fact that the two shafts in the Queen’s Chamber were ‘blocked’ possibly was done to indicate that these inclinations of 39º no longer applied, as they were the former positions whereas the open shafts of the King’s Chamber may indicate the new positions. It is also worth noting here that the star Al Nitak reached an altitude of around 39º some 19,000 years ago.
When we now consider the research of Wolfli et al. who propose that the former pole migrated from central Greenland (at around 72º N) to the Arctic Sea (a shift of around 18º), we find that this ties in with the shaft data of the Great Pyramid. This is to say that Giza is presently located 60º from the present pole but previously would have been 54º from a central Greenland pole—a difference of 6º, which we see reflected in the shafts of the Great Pyramid.
Finally, it can be observed that the Giza monuments themselves are also astronomically aligned to this remote epoch of circa 19,000 BP. The two sets of three satellite pyramids at Giza (to the east of G1 and south of G3) essentially mark the minimum and maximum culminations of the Belt stars—two culminations that are separated by around 13,000 years. The last time the Belt stars reached maximum culmination (rising) was around 23,420 BCE and minimum culmination (setting) around 10,460 BCE. The Sphinx in this grand stellar clock serves as the ‘clock hand’ and intersects the timeline between the two culmination markers, pointing to the remote date of 19,000 BP (ca. 17,000 BCE).
Perhaps the ancient Edfu texts are more fact than fiction.
Scott Creighton is the author of The Great Pyramid Hoax, The Conspiracy to Conceal the True History of Ancient Egypt (Bear & Company, December, 2016). For more on his reinterpretation of the ancient pyramids of Egypt, see Atlantis Rising #120, November/December, 2016.