The Stones of the Ancients

Pyramids, Crystals and Chi


A number of writers and researchers have suspected for years that the Great Pyramid at Giza and other ancient struc­tures around the world may actually be machines, representing a technology so foreign to our own that most people do not recognize it. The Great Pyramid is constructed with uncanny precision and has ascending and descending pas­sages, a bizarrely shaped “Grand Gallery,” a “King’s Chamber” containing a “sarcophagus” with no body, and a “Queen’s Chamber.” At least four shafts lead from the chambers, and engineer Rudolf Gantenbrink, beginning in 1993, sent remotely controlled vehicles into some of the shafts, discovering stone doors with metal fittings and a space beyond at least one of these.

The shafts from the Queen’s Chamber seem to point at Sirius (south) and Beta in Ursa Major (north). The King’s Chamber shafts seem to point toward Orion’s Belt and Thuban in the constellation Draco. Most of the structure ap­pears to be of relatively soft limestone, with the remnants of a hard limestone facing on the outside cut and fitted with extraordinary precision. The Queen’s Chamber has a granite floor, and the upper part of the Grand Gallery and all of the King’s Chamber is composed of pink granite, including the flat ceiling. The Queen’s Chamber has a gabled limestone ceiling. Above the ceiling in the King’s Chamber are a series of massive, angled blocks and “relieving cham­bers,” supposedly to prevent the weight of the stone above from collapsing the chamber. Engineer Christopher Dunn and others have pointed out the absurdity of this explanation and also noted that no such chambers are above the lower Queen’s Chamber, which has to support even more weight.

The Great Pyramid is part of the larger Giza complex, including two other large pyramids, three small ones, the Sphinx, a raised causeway, two mortuary temples, the Sphinx Temple, and the Valley Temple along with numerous smaller structures. It was long rumored and is now proven that there are several man-made tunnels and chambers under the limestone Giza Plateau, and these connect to what appears to be a natural cavern system, now filled with water. Conventional archaeologists estimate that the Great Pyramid was built between 4580 and 4560 BP (before the present), and this may be correct. The apparent stellar alignments would seem to rule out a very much greater age, and the remaining limestone facing blocks on the pyramids show no sign of water erosion. Of course, these blocks may have replaced earlier ones. However, erosion indicates that the Sphinx and the temples are almost certainly much, much older, dating back to 8,000 BP or much earlier.

There have long been stories, unproven, of apparitions within the pyramid and of a powerful electric charge at the top, which might indicate that the structure still has some kind of power. Remember that this structure has been repeatedly damaged. It once was topped by a “benben stone” of unknown composition; most of the facing stones were stripped off to build modern Cairo; A Muslim Caliph in AD 820 dug into the structure; and an Englishman, Howard-Vyse, used explosives to blast his way into the “relieving chambers.” So, if it was a machine, it is now a very badly damaged one.

Christopher Dunn has studied and measured the Great Pyramid and other structures in Egypt, bringing his knowledge of machining to bear on the subject. He has advanced the hypothesis that the precisely shaped structure was designed to resonate with our planet, absorbing and collecting the vibrational energies caused by earthquakes, tides, etc., and then, via the piezoelectric effect of quartz crystals in the granite, convert that energy into electricity. This is only a brief outline of his hypothesis.

Could there be another explanation, however, one which would not be incompatible with Dunn’s theory? Is it possible, even likely that the Great Pyramid was a multi purpose machine? Mystics and martial artists have long be­lieved that the entire universe is filled with a kind of inexhaustible energy that has been called Chi, Ki, Prana, Kunda­lini, Vril, and Odic Force, among other names. This mysterious energy seems to be somehow connected with con­sciousness and can apparently be controlled by the minds of adepts. Mainstream conventional scientists, predictably, tend to ridicule the idea; and, if the chi force is real, it means that much of modern physics is in need of massive and fundamental revision. Actually, there is already much evidence that the standard model of physics is not working. One thing to consider is that relativity theory was developed after the Michelson-Morley experiment seemed to prove that there was no ether. The ether was thought to be a tenuous substance within which light waves traveled—much as sound waves do—in ordinary matter. Now, relativity theory insists that space is warped by mass, and that this ac­counts for gravity. But nothingness, by definition, cannot bend. There must be something there to be warped, some substance or structure to space…in other words, an ether. Einstein himself admitted that there had to be an ether for relativity to work.

There is good reason, though, to believe that chi is real, and that it may, in fact, be the ether itself, a dynamic ether. Could the ether be composed of a matrix along which both transverse waves (electromagnetic radiation, in­cluding visible light) and longitudinal waves travel? The longitudinal waves would thus be a different kind of light but, being longitudinal, could also be thought of as a kind of sound (And God said “Let there be light.”) of what does this matrix, upon which these waves travel, consist? It is, some would argue, composed of the waves. The waves, in this view, travel upon the matrix and the matrix is made up of the waves. The seeming absurdity of the concept is, it can be argued, its greatest strength. And accordingly it seems that whatever the nature of chi, ancient structures were designed to focus and alter it, harnessing it for a variety of purposes. So the shape and probably the location of megalithic structures would be important, with the Great Pyramid perhaps functioning rather like a huge lens (al­most certainly an oversimplification). But the materials composing the structures would also be important. Various kinds of stone are composed of minerals which are usually made up of crystals (groups of molecules arranged in a three dimensional repeating pattern), and crystals, like the pyramid, have precise geometric shapes. There has long been a folklore associated with crystals, including gemstones, attributing healing or magical properties to them.

Geologists classify rocks as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Igneous rocks are those which have solidi­fied from a molten mass. The various forms of granite (found in the Great Pyramid) are an intrusive magma that cooled slowly, producing large crystals. Granite is usually described as felsic, composed of silica (SiO2, or quartz) and feldspar. Ideally, quartz crystals are hexagonal prisms with a six-sided pyramid at each end; more commonly only one end is fully developed. The various kinds of feldspar are complex compounds of oxygen, silicon, and aluminum, plus either calcium or potassium. Feldspar crystals tend to be rectangular prisms and are usually triclinic, with three vec­tors of unequal length. Some have parallelogram bases. Quartz covers the ancient structure of Newgrange, in Ireland, and can be used as an oscillator in quartz watches. Basalt, found in megalithic structures in several locations, but es­pecially in South America, is an extrusive igneous rock that has small crystals due to rapid cooling on the surface of the earth. It is typically composed of silica (SiO2 again) and calcic feldspars. It may contain magnetite, an iron com­pound that may be naturally magnetized. Basalt, usually dark gray or black, is said to be mafic, meaning that it con­tains a relatively large amount of iron and magnesium compounds. Andesite, a lighter colored extrusive igneous rock, is less mafic. Diorite, a very hard intrusive igneous rock, is chemically similar to andesite and is found in Egypt and was carved by the ancient Egyptians.

Another igneous rock is bluestone (the name has actually been given to several types of sedimentary and igneous rocks). It is an intrusive mafic rock often found in dikes (vertical cracks in the country rock through which the intru­sive magma has flowed) and sills (horizontal structures where the magma has forced its way between the bedding planes). At Stonehenge, along with the large sarsen stones, there remain 43 of the two- to four-ton bluestones, and there may have been as many as eight, originally. The bluestone at Stonehenge is called Preseli spotted dolerite and was brought from the Preseli mountains in Wales, some 250 miles away. The oldest structure in Stonehenge proper is the ditch, probably begun around 5,100 BP, and the rest of the monument was constructed in stages over a period of centuries. But under the parking lot, across the two lane highway (there is a pedestrian tunnel for visitors), archae­ologists have excavated wooden posts dated to 10,000 BP. Several types of stone are found at Stonehenge, and it is im­portant to note that the general view is that particular types of rock are often chosen for construction for their esthet­ic qualities, local abundance, durability, or for being easily worked. But what is intriguing about the bluestones are anecdotal claims that they always seem warmer than the other stones. Could it be that they are absorbing and trans­muting chi energy, or simply retaining solar heat better? Or are the people making the claims simply imagining it? This claim, at least, would be fairly easy to test.

And there are many other types of rock at Stonehenge, including sandstone, and, as mentioned above, much of the Great Pyramid is made of limestone. These are sedimentary rocks. Limestone is mostly CaCO3, or calcium carbo­nate, made up of accumulations of the shells of marine organisms, including shellfish, some of them exceedingly tiny, and coral. It often contains some silica (SiO2) in the form of chert, flint, or jasper. The crystals may be in the form of aragonite or the more common and stable form of calcite, which forms trigonal rhombohedral crystals, with much variation. These crystals can cause double refraction, or bifringence. Most of the crystals in limestone are tiny and imperfect, and many are broken. Also, bear in mind that limestone is often chosen because it is abundant, easily worked, and fairly durable. Sandstone is typically made up mostly of SiO2 and feldspars, which are often present in various forms of clay as well. Sedimentary rocks are solidified by a variety of changes under the general headings of diagenesis and consolidation, and sandstone grains are typically cemented by calcite, clay, or more silica. As with limestone, most of the crystals are small, imperfect, or broken. Incidentally, the country rock beneath Stonehenge and much of the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire is mostly chalk…a soft limestone. The Giza Plateau is limestone, and much of coastal Yucatan where many Mayan ruins are located, is limestone as well, with innumerable caves, under­ground rivers, and sinkholes, or cenotes.

The third major category of rock is metamorphic. Obviously, sedimentary rocks have undergone a kind of meta­morphosis, changing from sand or layers of shells into solid rock; but what really defines metamorphic rocks is re­crystallization due to chemical change, or, more commonly, heat and pressure. Not only sedimentary but also igne­ous rocks can be metamorphosed. Marble, chosen for its beauty, is metamorphosed limestone. Sandstone can become quartzite.

Northeast of Mexico City is the ancient site known as Teotihuacan. The complex includes an avenue heading 15.5 degrees east of north, the Pyramid of the Sun and the smaller Pyramid of the Moon, and several smaller structures, platforms, and flat-topped pyramids. Under the Pyramid of the Sun is a man-made cave with four chambers arranged rather like a four-leaf clover. In fact, there are a number of tunnels under Teotihuacan. The Pyramid of the Sun was probably begun around 2,200 BP and finished about 300 years later, but it was built atop earlier structures; so the site, like Stonehenge, may have been in use far earlier. The design is called “talud-tablero,” consisting of a series of sloping walls alternating with vertical sections. It may have been constructed by the Totonac Indians, possibly influ­enced by the Olmecs, and, judging by the carvings, the builders apparently (like the Mayans and others) worshipped the feathered serpent. The pyramid has base dimensions almost identical with those of the Great Pyramid, but it is only about half as high, and the stonework is not as precise. It is mostly composed of a reddish igneous rock, probably rhyolite, which is a felsic extrusive equivalent of intrusive granite. Could it somehow have harnessed the chi energy, despite being lower, different in shape, and less precise than the Great Pyramid? A clue may lie in the fact that, when the pyramid at Teotihuacan was first excavated and partly reconstructed by Leopoldo Batres in the early twentieth century, he found layers of mica, said to be from Brazil (this would indicate truly extensive, probably maritime, pre­historic trade routes). Mica, an excellent dielectric, is typically an igneous rock, one of several phyllosilicates, or sheet silicates, composed of silicon, oxygen, hydrogen, and fluorine, along with aluminum, magnesium, or iron, and sever­al other metals, which may vary…in other words, very complex chemical compounds. The crystals tend to be mono­clinic (rectangular or hexagonal prisms with parallelogram bases). Is it possible that the mica, clearly obtained at great expense, despite being of no structural or esthetic value, may have compensated in part for the pyramid’s small­er size and allowed the chi force to be harnessed?

There is other evidence that certain rocks and minerals were deliberately chosen by ancient builders for reasons other than esthetics, availability, or durability. At Ollantaytambo in Peru, most of the megaliths are of stone quarried from across the Urubamba River and raised up the steep side of the valley. The huge stones in the Wall of the Six Monoliths rest on smaller stones for no obviously logical reason and are separated by columns of smaller stones. The structures at Sacsayhuaman make no sense at all to a modern observer and are also constructed in part, of stone quarried some distance away and hundreds of feet below the site, again, for no apparent reason. At Tiahuanaco in Bo­livia I discovered (or rediscovered) a row of magnetized monoliths.

Scientists willing to think outside the box might actually test rocks and minerals for effects and properties unex­plainable in conventional terms. Certainly, tests could be done with the bluestones of Stonehenge, or even samples of similar rock in a laboratory. Do they really generate heat, perhaps by tapping the chi energy? Perhaps we can learn from the ancients, revive their science, and combine it with our own, developing a new approach to the New Age.

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