Array (  => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 9142 [post_author] => 3589 [post_date] => 2014-09-01 22:20:54 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-09-01 22:20:54 [post_content] => Teleportation is an idea that captures our imagination with its fantastic possibilities. The concept of moving an object from one place to another without having to travel between them has been a common thread in science fiction as a way to bridge the depths of interstellar space, time, and other dimensions. Today, major scientific institutions are running trials on the teleportation of matter and energy. The almost unbelievable potentials of this research are exciting the minds of even practical physicists. The term teleportation was coined by the writer/researcher Charles Fort in 1931, to describe anomalous appearances and disappearances that have a long history in folklore. In the past, scientists did not take this idea seriously because it seemed to violate classical physics. Even with the acceptance of quantum physics, teleportation still seemed to violate the uncertainty principle which claims that the measuring of an object could never capture all of it’s information, since it is disrupted in the process. If an object could never be fully known then no copy could ever be teleported to another location. Yet in 1993, a team of researchers at IBM lead by Charles Bennett showed how using a paradoxical feature of quantum physics known as the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) effect, quantum teleportation was possible but only if the original object being teleported was destroyed. Their paper opened the door to more robust and practical teleportation research. Since then, as the validity of quantum physics have become more accepted, physicists have been progressing with teleportation research working with fundamental particles. In 1998, physicists at Caltech successfully teleported a photon. In 2002, a team at the Neils Bohr institute teleported information stored in a laser beam into a cloud of atoms half a meter away. In 2012, researchers in China made a teleportation record, transporting a photon 97 kilometers. In February of 2014, European physicists were also able to teleport quantum information through ordinary optical fiber. The most recent success on this front was reported by Professor Ronald Hanson and a team of researchers at Delft University in the Netherlands, showing for the first time that it is possible to teleport information encoded into subatomic particles between two points three meters apart with 100% reliability. The Delft team made this breakthrough into reliability by trapping entangled electrons in diamonds at very low temperatures and shooting them with lasers. The diamonds act as very tiny prisons for the electrons, holding them in place long enough to reliably communicate a shift of the state of the linked electrons. Most scientists believe this kind of teleportation could never become anything resembling the fictional form of teleportation and the transmission of physical matter because it’s limited to sending qubits. Qubits are units of quantum information, like the polarization or spin of a single photon, and are the analog to the classical bit in computing. There are some, however, who believe there are virtually no limits to what may be possible. Professor Ronald Hanson, one of the researchers from the Netherlands, has said that nothing in our current understanding of the laws of physics fundamentally forbids the teleportation of large objects, including humans. “What we are teleporting is the state of a particle,” Prof. Hanson has said. “If you believe we are nothing more than a collection of atoms strung together in a particular way, then in principle it should be possible to teleport ourselves from one place to another.” He goes on to say, “In practice it’s extremely unlikely, but to say it can never work is very dangerous.” What’s making this research possible is the phenomenon of quantum entanglement. Entanglement is a physical phenomenon whereby the quantum state of some pairs or groups of particles cannot be described independently—they are entangled, sharing one quantum state. The measurement of the properties of entangled particles, such as position, momentum, spin, and polarization, are all correlated. For example, if one particle of an entangled pair of particles has a clockwise spin on a certain axis, the spin of the other particle in the pair will be counterclockwise. A change in one of these particles results in an instantaneous change in its pair, regardless of the distance between them. To achieve teleportation, using entanglement, two qubits, B and C are brought together and entangled. Then they are separated; object B is taken to a sending station and object C is taken to a receiving station. At the sending station, object B is scanned with object A, which is the object we’re wanting to teleport. This results in object B being in one of four possible states, which are encoded as classical bits in an electrical signal. At this point qubits A and B are disrupted by scanning and essentially destroyed. The two classical bits can then be sent through some classical means of communication such as a laser or a coaxial cable to the receiving station. At the receiving end, since a manipulation was already performed on object B at the sending station, object C has already been affected and is in one of four possible states. Whichever of the four states is encoded in the two classical bits, and that information, is applied to object C, resulting in an exact replica of object A. Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, and Nathan Rosen described in 1935 the now famous “EPR paradox,” claiming that this entangled behavior should be impossible, since it violated the local realist view of causality. Einstein is famously quoted as describing this as “spooky action at a distance” with which he was very uncomfortable since it suggested a faster-than-light connection. As I discussed in the last issue of AR, there are currently different theories about how the universe is constructed which can allow for this kind of behavior. Since Einstein’s time, these counterintuitive predictions of quantum physics, and specifically entanglement, have been verified in experiments showing correlations between particles interacting faster than the speed of light. The accuracy of the Delft experiment has major implications for quantum computing, since the researchers demonstrated highly accurate and instantaneous transfer of information. Many people are already envisioning a quantum version of the Internet that would be much more secure than our current Internet, since information could be teleported directly from one place to another without the possibility of being intercepted. The Delft researchers are planning another experiment where the sending and receiving stations would be 1,300 meters apart. So, will this form of quantum teleportation ever lead to the transfer of physical matter, people for example? Using entanglement, and better methods of transfer, more and more information is being transferred accurately using quantum teleportation. Each time a qubit is successfully transferred, the entangled pairs are destroyed. So, a supply of these entangled pairs has to be generated and one half of the pair transferred to another location. Previously, the pure quantum states of these entangled pairs have been extremely fragile. The Delft research using diamonds is exciting, since their protocol seems have created much more stable pairs. In theory, we will find a way to transport a huge amount of entangled pairs through some sub-light means, which would then allow us to teleport actual physical objects. To do this, we are talking huge amounts of data. Some have theorized that for a person to be transported, a machine would have to pinpoint and analyze all of the 10(28) atoms in a human body, more than a trillion-trillion atoms. Though our current computing technology couldn’t handle this, it’s theorized that quantum computers could. There are also ethical issues. Teleportation of people would essentially be a form of genetic cloning by digitization. Each particle teleported destroys the original, so the travelers would have to die at one end in order to be transferred. The original brain would not exist, although an exact replica would, in theory, be recreated at the new location. It is not known what effects all of this would have on human consciousness, memories, or our essential being. Carlos Mochon, a researcher in quantum computation, has described three schools of thought physicists have about the possibility of human teleportation. One group believes there is a soul or consciousness that is part of being human that, so far, cannot be described by science. Until the consciousness problem is solved, science can’t ethically or practically approach the problem of teleporting humans or other living organisms. Another group of physicists feel there is a disconnect between the quantum world and classical physical objects, like rocks or people. In this view, it is believed that classical objects cannot be described by the laws of quantum mechanics and, thus, couldn’t be transmitted through quantum means; although, as mentioned above, researchers are teleporting larger and larger objects. Thus far, some quantum phenomena do seem to hold at the macro level. Time will tell if there is an operational barrier between the classical and the quantum world. A third group believes that essentially, all objects are quantum mechanical—including the human brain and consciousness. Therefore, in principle, everything can conceivably be teleported. Mochon argues that the observer/measurement problem of quantum physics isn’t really an issue, since what is happening is that we, a classical object, are already entangled with the quantum objects we are observing. Most researchers claim that teleportation will not even be possible until there is a complete theory of physics that can account for all of these variables. The practice in science is that the theory must come first and then be proven by research. This is the case, for example, with the EPR paradox in 1935, now being demonstrated successfully in laboratories around the world. Yet, there are also the unexplainable and anomalous phenomena that Charles Fort originally described when he coined the term ‘teleportation.’ These anomalous events indicate that much more is already occurring outside of the understandings of modern science. In the realm of human experience, there are reports of the teleportation of matter, and even people. The Indian holy man Sai Baba ‘materialized’ objects for his devotees reportedly every single day of his adult life, sometimes many times a day. These objects ranged from holy ash, sacred to the Hindus, to gold jewelry, and even fresh fruit. It has been proposed that these materializations were a form of teleportation, since he ‘pulled’ the objects from some other location in time and space, or even from another dimension. He is also reported to have appeared spontaneously in different locations, even to assist in a surgery several hundred miles away from where he was living and was simultaneously observed. In 2004, Dr. Eric Davis of Warp Drive Metrics conducted research on “Teleportation phenomena occurring naturally or under laboratory conditions” for the Air Force Research Laboratory. He claimed that, “anomalous teleportation has been scientifically investigated and separately documented by the Department of Defense.” Anomalous teleportation includes psychic teleportation of people and objects purportedly affected by people. Some of the most impressive research on psychic teleportation has been documented in China in the journal Ziran Zazhi (Nature Journal). One article from 1981 entitled, “Some experiments in the transfer of objects performed by unusual abilities of the human body,” reported that some “gifted children” were able to teleport small physical objects, like watches, flies, and micro-transmitters from one place to another. This study was done in blind and double-blind conditions with researchers from Chinese colleges and the Department of Defense and was repeated. In some of the experiments where high-speed photography was used, test specimens were observed to physically merge into the walls of the sealed containers. In another, the objects simply disappeared from inside the container only to reappear at the second location. In each of these cases it appeared that the specimens didn’t undergo disintegration during teleportation. In another trial, where a radio micro-transmitter was used as a test specimen, the researchers observed large fluctuations in the intensity of the signals from the object as it was being teleported, the signal either completely disappearing or becoming very weak. This occurred during the moment of teleportation. Dr. Davis has suggested that these experiments should lead us to expand our thinking about how teleportation might be possible, suggesting that humans are capable of shifting objects through a fourth dimension. Some mainstream physicists decried Davis’ report as crackpot science, impossible based on what is “known” in science. Yet, it has been shown in the past that when we explore what is unexplained or anomalous, we can discover information that forces us to shift our paradigm. Others have suggested that consciousness may have the ability to cross dimensions. Einstein hinted at something like this when he said, “Space is not anything given in nature or independent of human thought.” Researchers like Rupert Sheldrake and Bruce Lipton have shown that the consciousness and intelligence of living systems may have a basis in information fields that are not physical. Furthermore, research on Near Death Experience and Reincarnation seems to indicate that consciousness may not be restricted to the physical body but may exist outside the body. If this is true, then a teleportation system that just transfers information, which we already have with qubits, may be sufficient to transport the essence of a human into what is essentially a different body. Teleportation could be combined with a highly sophisticated 3D printing technology that would essentially assemble whatever combination of physical matter is needed to hold these complex information fields. The reconstruction of matter may not even have to be as precise as many people fear. Remember the movie The Fly where some stray bits of fly DNA got into an experiment, which ended up morphing Jeff Goldblum’s character into a fly? If it is the consciousness field that the body is stepping into, then small aberrations such as this may not even matter. Even in classical forms of transfer, when we are physically moved to a different location, we are gaining and losing bits of matter all of the time. This doesn’t seem to affect the overall operating of our bodies. Also, think of the way our own bodies are constantly renewing their cells over the course of our lives. With all of these changes, we still have the experience of continuity of being. The new research in quantum teleportation clearly has tremendous implications for quantum computing and, again, revolutionizing the Internet. It also is taking science and our understanding of the physical world into new, uncharted territories. If you are an energy being, then it is conceivable that at some point your body could be scanned and essentially disassembled, as now happens with quantum teleportation, only to be reassembled out of new particles at a different location. Some people have even proposed that once teleportation does become a reality, you may have much more choice about the body you teleport into. Perhaps you will be able to control the age, health, and even sex of your “new” body. This sounds eerily close to reincarnation, whereby a soul is born into another body. Physical renewal and transformation may not be accessible until the connection between the physical body and the consciousness that inhabits it is better understood; although, like the spontaneous healings that are happening all over the world, perhaps teleportations and transformations like this are already happening. Patrick Marsolek is a writer, dancer, facilitator, clinical hypnotherapist and the director of Inner Workings Resources. He is the author of Transform Yourself: A Self-hypnosis Manual and A Joyful Intuition. See PatrickMarsolek.com for more information. [post_title] => Quantum Teleportation [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => quantum-teleportation [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2014-07-25 22:26:26 [post_modified_gmt] => 2014-07-25 22:26:26 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://atlantisrisingmagazine.com/?p=9142 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )  => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 9124 [post_author] => 3589 [post_date] => 2014-09-01 21:45:04 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-09-01 21:45:04 [post_content] => During a recent debate about the nature of consciousness on National Public Radio’s popular forum, ‘Intelligence Squared,’ Harvard neurosurgeon Dr. Eben Alexander asked Yale School of Medicine Academic Neurologist, Dr. Steven Novella to state the first sentence that might explain how the physical brain creates consciousness (‘the Hard Problem of Consciousness’). “You can’t,” said Alexander triumphantly; “no one can.” (Though the live audience voted Novella and physicist Sean Carroll of the California Institute of Technology winners of the debate, subsequent polling of a larger group of online listeners revealed Dr. Alexander and his partner, Psychologist and MD, Dr. Raymond Moody, winners by a wide margin.) The discussion posed this question: If consciousness is just the workings of neurons and synapses, how do we explain the phenomenon of near-death experiences? Is an existence after death ‘real’ and provable by science, or a construct of wishful thinking about our own mortality? The topic is a hot one, fueled in part by Alexander’s runaway bestseller, Proof of Heaven. The author says he was prepared for the critics (Esquire ran a particularly snarky piece that was rebutted in detail by International Association for Near Death Studies researcher, Robert Mays). “I wrote Proof for true open-minded skeptics. I knew the nastiness was coming. This hits people where they live. I knew full well, but hoped people would at least do their homework. There have been very shallow attacks. People get riled up—it rattles cages right where they live.” A renowned academic neurosurgeon who had spent over 30 years honing a mainstream scientific worldview, Alexander’s cage was rattled when in November 2008 he got an early morning wake up call. The 4:30 a.m. arousal wasn’t an emergency at the hospital; it was a searing headache that sent him first to the tub in search of relief, then into continuous seizures, which sent his wife Holley to the phone to call 9-1-1. Over the ensuing seven days, his vital signs declined so dramatically that doctors factored his recovering to even a vegetative state at nearly zero. An extremely rare form of bacterial meningitis had invaded his central nervous system, effectively shutting down his brain function and destroying his neocortex. During the near-fatal coma, Dr. Alexander says he entered a realm of unconditional love and experienced profound awareness of the nature of the universe, one populated by angelic beings and a resonant, omnipotent, omniscient presence he refers to as ‘Om.’ He hopes Proof of Heaven conveys that “this radiant state of total acceptance of who we are is our birthright, and we can tap into it from this earthly plane.” Since the book’s phenomenal success, Alexander has been on the road constantly, doing something he loves to do—speaking to audiences about revelations from his coma experience that elucidate the nature of consciousness. Enjoying what he considers a rare gift—relaxing with his family at home in Charlottesville, Virginia—he took time out to share his thoughts with Atlantis Rising. “The book was a necessary step to get the story out there, but my preference is to travel and speak,” he confides. Still, writing hasn’t completely taken a backseat; he’s just finished his second book, tentatively titled The Map of Heaven: How Science, Religion and Ordinary People Are Proving that the World Beyond Is Real. Available in early November, it addresses the convergence of knowledge, understanding of human history and destiny, and all of science of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. “It’s a follow up book about how my story is just one of millions,” says Alexander, who began reading NDE literature after his near-death experience. “Such experiences go back thousands of years,” he discovered. “I also read books about the afterlife, then read the prophets and mystics. They’re all saying the same thing about the reality just beyond the earthly realm. Collectively, there is tremendous power in these accounts; the real power is not in my story, but mine validates journeys others have reported. It’s all about modern science and spirituality converging, something greatly energized by the commonality of these stories.” According to Alexander, science is about to shift into a much higher mode of understanding, though it’s tricky to convey that understanding succinctly. “We’re not explaining a visit to Disneyland,” he quips. “There is a limitation on being able to describe the indescribable. The world is changing, if you don’t take the route of dismissing these stories outright. This is soul school, where we come to manifest unconditional love—loving ourselves, others, our neighbors. Truly knowing consciousness as it is shows that boundaries between us are false. Nor is this just about life on Earth—it’s part of human destiny, of where we’re headed.” Though he’s all about love and compassion being the foundation of the new reality into which we’re headed, Alexander does not gladly suffer those he considers fools. “We’re in the deep end of the pool, no longer in the shallow end with the kindergartners like the physicists,” he says. “Sean Carroll’s (a scientist with whom Alexander has debated) value is greatly diminished because he has no concept… physicists of that ilk have no idea what is going on in terms of consciousness, and they’re hopelessly simplistic.” Further, he says; “Physicists don’t understand consciousness, the gigantic buffer between us and the underlying enigma of quantum mechanics. They’re going to be wandering in the dust very confused until they realize they were on the wrong path. Our own consciousness is right there at the front of any conception of reality.” Leading-edge scientists like Dr. Robert Lanza (author of Biocentrism), mathematician Ralph Abraham and many others have come to just that conclusion. “Roger Penrose has done a much better job [than other physicists] to get at this,” says Alexander, noting that some neuroscientists and “other materialists” have recently given up on ‘brain creates consciousness,’ notably Christoph Koch (a colleague of Sean Carroll’s at Cal Tech) and British philosopher Galen Strawson, as well as “deeply intellectual scientists around the world” (he mentions British biologist Rupert Sheldrake, and Dr. Moody). Indeed, even Karl Jansen, who wrote the Ketamine NMDA journal article on the ‘against’ list of documents provided for the Intelligence Squared debate now acknowledges the role of spirit in NDEs, amending the paper to state his new position. Science and religion are new best friends in the emerging paradigm, though they’ve been buddies for eons in some eastern cosmologies, where the mind is thought to be present in every cell, and the brain is considered a tool of the soul. “The brain is a reducing valve, or filter,” writes Alexander. “It reduces consciousness down to a trickle so our very limited human awareness can process it.” This isn’t a new concept; among others, psychologists Carl Jung and William James wrote about the brain as a reducing valve, not as the creator of consciousness. But Alexander explains it well: “During the brain-based, physical portion of our experience, our brain blocks out the larger cosmic background, just as the sun’s light blocks the stars from view each morning.” He thinks this is a time of awakening to the power and responsibility of each of our souls as part of a bigger soul group, and for acknowledging the divine aspects of our nature—and it doesn’t require the guidance of a church. “Knowing who we are comes from centering prayer, from the infinite consciousness available to us. We’re coming to a higher level; religions have to become less dogmatic,” he states. Through his organization, Eternea, Alexander has spearheaded the Convergence Coalition, dedicated to exploring how religion, spirituality, and science can learn from one another. He has also partnered with brainwave entrainment pioneers Sacred Acoustics to guide listeners to blissful brain states, where they can make a direct connection to Source. While millions of people chant ‘Om’ to access Spirit, it meant nothing to Alexander when he heard it in ‘The Core,’ the term he uses for the heavenly realm of his out-of-body journey. “When I was trying to write up my experience, ‘God’ was a puny, tiny word for something indescribable, an infinite deity. Om was the kind of resonance you would get in an infinite, eternal realm.” In addition to serving on the faculty of Harvard Medical School for almost 15 years, Dr. Alexander helped promote the development of stereotactic radiosurgery, intraoperative MR imaging, and MRI-guided, focused ultrasound surgery in neurosurgery. While these credentials lend authenticity to his account, he stresses the severity of his illness as the critical factor in validating it. “The most important thing is that I had very deadly bacterial meningitis. Without that it wouldn’t matter that I was an MD or a neuroscientist. It’s the perfect way to destroy a human brain. My having had brand negative bacterial meningitis gets rid of any simplistic explanation [for such a rich inner experience while comatose].” Having operated on thousands of brains, Alexander had been convinced that the soul is really a product of brain chemistry. Before his own NDE, he would have dismissed the phenomena as fantasies produced by brains under extreme stress. Today he believes true health can be achieved only when we realize that God and the soul are real and that death is not the end of personal existence but only a transition. Does he think the wider acceptance of an afterlife will change how physicians are educated? “I’ve talked with many, and it’s going to be slow as far as I can tell,” says Alexander. But he’s often asked to speak to nursing and surgical groups, as well as at medical schools. “Doctors and nurses are in a far better position to get this than physicists,” he notes, adding that the Division of Perceptual Studies (DOPS), a department of psychiatry at the University of Virginia is the world’s leading group investigating nonlocal consciousness. “Ian Stevenson, who put reincarnation on the map writing about past-life memories in children, was head of psychiatry there for decades,” states Alexander, whose older son, Eben IV, a personal trainer and wilderness survival enthusiast, is applying to medical school. “He’ll make one of the best doctors in history,” says a proud dad. “He gets consciousness and the power of prayer. My younger son, Bond, is spending the summer working at DOPS, so they’re both pursuing these ideas.” A bowtie wearer since 1987, Alexander has 40 or 50 of them (“I’ve had more than that, but I’ve moved several times, and some of the movers borrow them”). His dad wore bowties, and his first job offer at Harvard (after he’d been Chief Resident at Massachusetts General for two years) came with a caveat: “I was advised by a colleague that if I was going to work at Brigham and Children’s, I’d have to learn to tie a bowtie; he stood behind me facing the mirror until I got it right.” While in The Netherlands recently, Alexander was delighted to learn that there, bowties are called butterfly ties. “You can imagine that had significance for me,” he says. (During his NDE, Alexander was greeted by a girl on a butterfly wing, who turned out to be the deceased birth sister he’d never met.) So if we can expect to meet relatives on the other side, what about reincarnation… wouldn’t that get complicated? “It’s a very important point,” he agrees, saying that it’s one he makes in all his talks. “It’s a complex issue: time flow and causality are separate there. That’s a cornerstone concept. Our life story is kind of set up and is there for a purpose, but it’s not written into the underlying reality of deep time. Time flow has to do with the causality of our soul and our soul group. There’s a reason we have the notion of our life flashing before our eyes as we pass over—it does. The ‘Life Review’ is a powerful reliving of events; it’s crystal clear, more real than when lived at this reality.” Like the Hindu concept of ‘Lila’ (the universe as the playground of the gods), ‘ordinary’ reality is an illusion set up as a stage for the unfolding of this earthly drama, considers Alexander. He cites Dr. Wilder Penfield of Montreal, a neurosurgeon (Mystery of the Mind, 1975) who conducted tens of thousands of electrical brain stimulations and concluded that ‘mind, free will and consciousness run the show and manipulate the brain to put on this drama.’ Many may remember Dannion Brinkley’s dramatic near-death experience (told in Saved by the Light) and his arduous rehabilitation after being struck by lightning. Alexander’s path to recovery, by no means easy, was less severe. It took just eight weeks for his language skills, familial recognition, and 20 years’ worth of knowledge and experience as a researcher and neurosurgeon to return. When they did, his initial thought was: “there has to be a brain-based explanation.” After considering numerous logical hypotheses, he concluded: “This didn’t happen in the physical universe of the brain. Understanding that is a real gift. I’m more of a scientist now than I ever was, but the kindergarten science I worshipped before my NDE isn’t part of the equation.” Alexander says he is healthier now than he was before his illness. In addition to writing, traveling, and presenting extensively, he practices with a private neurosurgical group in Lynchburg, Virginia. “Modern neuroscience dictates that everything any one of us has ever experienced since before we were born is nothing more than the assembled patterns of electrochemical flickering of 100 billion neurons in a three pound gelatinous mass floating in a warm, dark bath,” says Dr. Alexander. “They assume that the sheer complexity of the brain somehow creates consciousness, yet no one on Earth has the faintest idea how to connect the dots. Carl Sagan, a true skeptical scientist whom I greatly admire said in 1980: “The suppression of uncomfortable ideas may be common in religion and politics, but it is not the path to knowledge; it has no place in the endeavor of science.” “Today there is a growing cadre of scientists, including myself, who are charging straight ahead towards a deeper understanding of this profound mystery at the very heart of our existence… and the human brain-mind will never have a T.O.E. (Theory of Everything),” he exclaims. “We won’t fill in all the gaps. My opponents call for extraordinary proof for extraordinary claims, yet there is absolutely no proof for the concept that the brain creates consciousness.” [post_title] => Graduating from Kindergarten [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => graduating-from-kindergarten [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2014-07-25 21:47:11 [post_modified_gmt] => 2014-07-25 21:47:11 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://atlantisrisingmagazine.com/?p=9124 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) )
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